World War I


1870- France gave up territory by the German border

In addition of France giving up land by the German border, France and Germany became enemies which led to the Triple Alliance.
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1892- Franco Russian Alliance

The Franco Russian Alliance was a military alliance between the French Third Republic and the Russian Empire that ended the diplomatic isolation of France. France remained Russia's main ally until around 1917.
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1898- Germany started a large navy

At this time, the first German navel law was passed. It enabled the German navy to oppose the French and Russian navies.
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1908- Austria-Hungary added Bosnia

The Bosnia Crisis of 1908 was caused by the annexation by Austria-Hungry because of the international tension. Austria pledged that they would not object to opening the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits to Russian warships, an advantage that had been denied to Russia since 1841. By a rescript of Oct. 7, 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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1915- Germans started using U-Boats

At this time, Germany announced the reestablishment of unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic as German torpedo-armed submarines prepare to attack any and all ships.
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1915- Sinking of the Lusitania

The sinking of the Lusitania turned the public opinion against Germany. This was a big attack on the United States which really fueled fire to the war. This was just one more incident to push the United States to join the war to take the Germans down.
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1916- America torpedoed a French ship

The sinking of the Sussex caused death for over 80 civilians. Because of this, Germany issued the Sussex pledge which stated that U-boats would warn them before attacking the merchant's ships.
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1916- American Election year

Woodrow Wilson was elected during WWI and led America in WWI. Even though there was so much warfare going on, civilians wanted to focus on their neutrality rather than the war. Woodrow Wilson won by a narrow margin.

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1916- Germans took over the sky with fighter planes

Germany took over the sky with fighter plans and were very dominant with them. Germans really did like to patrol the skies during the war. Their strategies differed greatly from the allied.

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1916- The British introduced the armored tank

The tank was a very useful army weapon but could also be used as transportation or protection. Although they were very resourceful, the first tanks weren't very reliable. There were many problems that came from the tanks, specifically in deployment and transit.
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1917- American owed allies over 2 billion dollars

America was in debt because they were not financially ready to be involved in the war.

1917- We gained control of the Zimmerman telegram

Neither Mexican or American people considered the Zimmerman telegram serious at first. Americans were upset about it and many called for war. President Wilson was looking for peace.

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1917 - Sinking of 7 American ships

This was the final straw in which the Americans had enough. The American people did not participate in the war until this time in 1917.

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1917- President Wilson petitions for War with Germany

On April 6th, the United States declared war on Germany. Woodrow said to the American people they must declare war to "make the world safe for democracy."

1917- WWI devastate Europe

1917- Germans started using poison gas

When the Germans first introduced the gas they fired off 150 tons of gas against two French colonial divisions.
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1917- Riots broke out in Russia

Causes from WWI fueled fire to the breaking out of Russians.
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1917- Australian soldiers load an artillery shell during the Battle of Passchendaele

Because they had tried on my glasses more they thought the world was spinning.

1917- American expeditionary force arrives in Paris

The Americans were ordered to march through a battalion through France.

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1918- Lenin agrees to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany

Lenin was in favor of the Treaty immediately. It was forced on the Bolshevik government by the threat of further advances by German and Austrian forces.

1918- Battle of the Argonne forest

The final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front.
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1918- Germany launched its last offense

Germany's last offense was the spring offence which was a series of German attacks along the western front.
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1918- American and French troops blocked the Germans from Paris

American and French troops felt it essential to blockade the German troops from Paris to keep their ruling.
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1918- Poland Hungary and Czechoslovakia declared independence

Among the alphabetically arranged entries, two documents appear in English alongside their Polish versions: the declaration and the Constitution. Although it is not identified as such, the translation of the declaration comes from an anthology of American thought in the Enlightenment, a collection of translations of representative texts by American political thinkers from the period of the Revolution, published in 1964.
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1918- Germany became a republic

Germany becoming a republic put an end to any discussion of reuniting East and West Germany.
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1919- Treaty of Versailles

It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
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