Battle of Antietam

By Rachel, Erin, and Jotham

Morning Phase

Wednesday, Sep. 17th 1862 at 6-9:30am

Sharpsburg, MD, United States

Sharpsburg, MD

Joseph Hooker was a northern general. He crossed the Antietam Creek with his men to face the confederates commanded by Thomas Jackson. The battle started in the Northern Woods. The confederates eventually fell back to the cornfield directly south of the North Woods. The union General Sedgwick decided to make a charge against the confederate line. He charged right into a trap that Jackson made. The union lost almost 2,200 men.

Mid-day Phase

Wednesday, Sep. 17th 1862 at 9:30am-1pm

Sharpsburg, MD, United States

Sharpsburg, MD

The Confederates fired off a sunken road at the oncoming northern generals. The union fired five times then retreated and each time they came back. Confederate line eventually collapsed. Union generals entered the Confederate right. They charged through the sunken road killing everybody in their path.

Afternoon Phase

Wednesday, Sep. 17th 1862 at 1-5:30pm

Sharpsburg, MD, United States

Sharpsburg, MD

The Confederates were greatly outnumbered at this point. The Confederates then started sniping the Union men off the bridge. The attack on the bridge lost 500 Union men alone. The Union generals pushed the Georgians back towards Sharpsburg. His men, however, were too slow. This let Confederate corps join the fight.

After the Battle

Tuesday, Sep. 16th 1862 at 5:30pm-12am

Sharpsburg, MD, United States

Sharpsburg, MD

After the battle there was almost no change in the Union or Confederates line. The result was the enormous amount of casualties. 12,410 Union men died and 10,700 Confederates died. There was no real decisive victory for either side.

An eye-witness

"On the forenoon of the 15th, the blue uniforms of the Federals appeared among the trees that crowned the heights on the eastern bank of the Antietam. The number increased, and larger and larger grew the field of the blue until it seemed to stretch as far as the eye could see, and from the tops of the mountains down to the edges of the stream gathered the great army of McClellan."
Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA, Commander, Longstreet's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
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