Gold

By: Dawson Krug

Information about Gold

Gold is the most useful element on the Periodic Table. This element creates a lot of fantastic things such as jewelry, phones, coins, trophies, and etc. Gold can be cast into detailed shapes and drawn into wire. It does not tarnish and has a wonderful color and a brilliant luster.

Element Information

  • Element Name- Gold

  • Atomic Number- 7

  • Atomic Mass Number- 196.967 rounded to 197

  • Number of Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons- P=79 N= 118 E= 79

  • Number of Valence Electrons- 1

  • Group/Family Number- 11

  • Group/Family Name- coinage metals

  • Chemical Properties/Reactivity of the Element. Gold is both malleable and ductile. Both heat and light reflect off gold very well and an electric current passes through gold very easily. The chemical properties of gold is that it is not very reactive. It does not combine with oxygen or dissolve in most acids.

    • Other elements it reacts with - Gold reacts with Copper, Silver and Roentgenium

  • Type of Element (Metal, Non-Metal, or Metalloid) and it’s physical properties- Metal

  • Why is the Element Wanted? What did it do? What was created with this element? This element creats a lot of fantastic things. Gold is the most useful metal on the Periodic table. Things such as jewlery, phones, etc are all made out of gold. Gold can be cast into detailed shapes, and drawn into wire. Gold does not tarnish and has a wonderful color and a brilliant luster.

  • What is the most common compound created with this element or do they exist alone in nature? auric chloride and chlorauric acid.

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