Classifying the Colonies
Jamestown,Massachusetts Bay, Pennsylvania,Maryland,Georgia
The Virginia Company
The joint stock company would be the benefactor that would allow the boats to go to America. They would create a charter that would state that all of the explores would retain their rights as any Englishmen, this would become a important factor while fighting for independence.
The boats containing the first citizens of Jamestown would dock in the year 1607. With the docking of the boat would be the establishment of the first permeate British North American colony. These men would have high hopes of finding gold in order to make a name for themselves.
John Smith and John Rolfe
During the first few months of colonization many men died now only due to disease, but because they had never encountered wilderness like what the new world had to offer. Smith would be the man to step up and organize the men so that they had special jobs in order to help sustain the colony.
--The Starving Time
To demonstrate the need for John Smith would be shown when he left to go back to England. Him leaving would sent Jamestown into a time of starvation, where many people would die. By Smith leaving a power vacuum was created and Jamestown would be saved by John Rolfe.
When Jamestown's economy began to suffer, Rolfe would introduce a revolutionary cash crop, tobacco. Later Rolfe would aid in the ending the first Anglo-Powhatan War in 1614 with his marriage to an Indian woman named Pocahontas.
The establishment of tobacco plantations would help boost the economy and eventually lead to the introduction of slavery into the colonies.
Chesapeake Bay Virginia
The swampy land would make it difficult to farm crops on.
Also due to the swampy environment, many mosquitos lived in the Chesapeake region, so many Jamestown settlers would die of malaria upon arrival.
The boats would travel up the bay to place the new colony.
This would be the main tribe that the new settlers would interact with, and ultimately declare war with. In the end the people of Jamestown would win the war because many of the Indians were whipped out by European diseases, they were too disorganized, and the English had more superior weapons.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
People of the Colony
Massachusetts Bay colony-
the company that would sponsor the expeditions to the new world, where the Bay colony would be formed
John Winthrop- the first governor of the colony
Puritans- would secure a royal charter from the Massachusetts Bay Company to create a new colony
---Anne Hutchinson- claimed that holy life was no sure sign of salvation (antinomianism), this would get her banished from the colony
---Roger Williams-salem minister who challenged the charter and deemed having "newe and dangerous opinions"
Pilgrims- would settle Plymouth, which would join the colony later, also know as separatists
--Mayflower Compact- the agreement to from a crude government and to submit to the majority
Founder of Pennsylvania, first governor
Would move to Philadelphia and thought as the most representative American personality of his era
The native that William Penn would purchase his land from
Dutch, French, German- due to its tolerance the Pennsylvania colony became home to many diverse cultures
Quakers-religious group that founded Pennsylvania
--"Blue Laws"- due to the Quakers being very religious group they would create a law that would ban stage plays, playing cards, dice, games, and excessive hilarity
the major religion of Maryland
minority religion what would pick up speed around 1649
Act of Toleration
passed in 1649 because the Catholics were afraid the Protestants would over power them
feudal System- system implemented to aid in agriculture
tobacco- due to having a similar climate to Jamestown, Maryland also thrived on tobacco production
--indentured servants- system used to aid in production where people would come to work for a high class family in order to come to the New World
Religious Toleration- Out castes like the German Lutherans and Scots Highlanders were able to find refuge
Parliament- the type of government implemented in Georgia, only colony that wasn't mostly self ruling
Debtor colony- debtors were sent there instead of serving jail time, made the colony more rebellious in nature
Georgia would serve as a piece of land between Spanish Florida and the other colonies
the largest city in Georgia
close ties with the Caribbean, which would eventually lead to slaves being introduced