Anti-Seitism and Kristallnacht

ADOLF HITLER

INTRODUCTION

In the beginning of the 19th century there was a lot of anti-seitism in Europe.

This happened because of all the writings and speeches of Adolf Hitler.

In the 25 point programme drawn by Hitler and Anton Drexler in 1920 for the National Socialist German Workers Party it stated that "citizenship is to be determined by race" which is no Jew allowed to be German.

Mein Kampf

In Mein Kampf Hitler argued that the German Aryan race was in the top to all others.He went there to say that the Aryan superiority was being threatened particular by the Jewish race who, he said, were lazy and had contributed little to world civilization.

As Hitler said that Jews were responsible for everything he did not like(modern art, pornography (sexual photos) and prostitution). He also said that they were responsible for losing the first world war and taking over Germany.Hitler claimed that 75 percent of all communists were Jews, he argued that the combination of Jews and Marxists had already been successful in Russia and now threatened the rest of Europe.

Hitler in power , 1933

once in power Hitler was so quick to express anti-semitic ideas. The campaign started on 1st of April 1933, when a one day boycott of Jewish owned shops took place. Members of the SA (Hitler army) picketed the shops to ensure the boycott was successful.

Hitler made the decision by many shops and restaurants not to serve the Jewish people.

and also they were not allowed in parks, swimming-pools and public transport.

Germans were also encouraged not to use Jewish doctors and lawyers. Jewish civil servants, teachers and those employed by the mass media were sacked. Hitler army (SA) put pressure on people not to buy anything from Jewish shops.

Crystal night

The pressure on Jews to leave Germany were massive. Hitler, Joseph Goebbels and Reinhard Heydrich organized a new programme for Jewish to emigrate. Crystal Night took place on 9th-10th November 1938. During the crystal night more than 7500 Jewish shops were destroyed and 400 synagogues were burnt down. 91 Jewish were killed and an 20000 were sent to the concentration camps.

After the crystal night was over so many Jewish people were wishing to leave Germany, its been calculated that more than half of the Jewish population left the country.

Kristallnacht

Night of broken glass

The kristallnacht is a German name for the event described as the ' night of broken glass'.

on November 9 to November 10, 1938 the Nazis in Germany destroyed synagogues, Jewish homes, schools and businesses and killed so many Jewish people.During this time, Nazis military groups armed with sledgehammers and axes:

-Burned 250 synagogues

-Over 7000 Jewish businesses were trashed and looted

-Attacked Jews and killed 91 of them

-Hospitals, schools and homes were looted

-Desecrated Jewish graves

-Arrested 25000-30000 German Jewish men, having targeted those who were young and fit, and sent them to concentration camps.

After the night of broken glass

After the "Night of Broken Glass," life was even more difficult for German Jewish children and teenagers. Already barred from entering museums, public playgrounds, and swimming pools, they were sent out from any public schools. Most families tried to leave.