Asia

China

Country Capital

Beijing : BejiIt is also the nation's political and cultural hub. Additionally, it is the focal point for the country's transportation, scientific and technological development, education and communication. Its present-day population is over eleven million.It is the second largest city in China.Beijing is the capital city of the people's republic China.








Map of china

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Geography

Land size : china's land size is 9,706,961km2. Climate:The climate in China varies from region to region since the country is massive! In the northeast the summers are hot and dry and the winters are freezing cold. The north and central regions have frequent bouts of rain coupled with hot summers and cold winters. In the southeast there is plenty of rainfall, semi-tropical summers and cool winters. Flooding can occur in the central, southern and western regions and the country in general can experience earthquakes.


People

Population: China has the largest population on Earth of 1.354 billion people, which is an increase of about 0.01% from the last record of the population.


Religion: Buddhism,Taoism,Islam,Catholiism,Christianity,Daoism and Confucianism.


language: The official language is Standard Mardarin.


Customs: The largest festival also called the Spring Festival marks the beginning of the lunar new year. It falls between mid-January and mid-February and is a time to honor ancestors. During the 15-day celebration, children receive money in red envelopes for good luck and people thoroughly clean their homes to signify a fresh beginning. The holiday is marked fireworks and parades with dancers dressed as dragons.

history highlights

The history of china goes back about 5000 years ago.In that time China has created a rich culture in philosophy and in the arts.. Early Chinese explorers have travelled all the way to Africa.The Chinese republic fell victim to the Japanese aggresion and civil war between the Chaing Kai-Sherk's nationalists and the communist under Mao Zedongs leadership.

Economy

China has experienced tremendous economic grouth since the late 1970's.In 2007 China passed Germany to become the world's third largest economy,&in 2010 it passed Japan to become the second largest.Agriculture is by far the leading occupation,involving almost 50% of the population.China is one of the worlds major mineral & producing countries.Coal is the most abundant mineral.China ranks first for coal production in the world.

Education

China education is the largest in the world. In1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law, making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children.Today, the Ministry of Education estimates that 99.7 percent of the population area of the country has echieved universal nine-year basic education.China has a long history of providing education to international students studying in high schools and universities. International students have enrolled in over 690 higher education institution throughout the country. Over the past few years, the number of international studentswho study aboard in China has significantly increased every year.

Health

From 1990 to 2010 China saw an increase in life expectancy and an reduction in the incidence of infectious disease such as tubercolosis and lower respiratory infections.
However, the success comes at the same time as risk factors and non-communicable diseases increase - such as smoking and high blood preasure.

The report revealed that the health changes in China are now similar to those found in the US, UK, or Australia.

For example, in 2010 the rate of premature mortality in China was lower than all other emerging countries in the G20, and only marginally higher than the US.


Back in 1990, the health profile of China matched countries like Vietnam or Iraq.

living conditions

A 1978 survey of housing conditions in 192 cities found that their combined population had increased by 83 percent between 1949 and 1978, but housing floor space had only grown by 46.7 percent. In 1978 there were only 3.6 sq m of living space per inhabitant in these cities, a reduction of 0.9 square meter since 1949. To remedy this problem, construction of modern urban housing became a top priority in the late 1970s, and by the mid-1980s new high-rise apartment blocks and the tall cranes used in their construction were ubiquitous features of large cities. Some apartments in the new buildings had their own lavatories, kitchens, and balconies, but others shared communal facilities. Nearly all were of much higher quality than older houses, many of which were built of mud bricks and lacked plumbing.

Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)


Environmental issues

Water Pollution, Exacerbated dust storms, Coastline swamped by red tides, Thermal insulations rare in Chinese buildings, US firms are driving pollution in China, Extinction of Yangtze river dolphin is confirmed, China's emmissions growth is 2-4 times greater than expected, Three Gorges dam on the Yangtze River is triggering landslides, Heavy industry plants do not operate efficiantly or control popullation as adequately as factories in other parts of the world and All new buildings requires China to build new power plants.