Air Pollution

Are you at risk?

Air Pollutants and Their Effect On Humans

Overall there is six types of air pollution that the EPA has identified as dangerous. These six pollutants are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, lead, ground-level ozone, particle pollution, and sulfur oxides. These air pollutants can cause many health problems. In some people pollution makes it more likely they will have heart diseases, heart attacks or stroke. Air pollution also can effect the respiratory system. It can make it harder to breathe for people who already have respiratory illnesses, or people that have been exposed for a long time. The risk for children and teens is higher than for adults, especially children with asthma.

Air Pollution In The Future

If nothing is done to change the way the air is being polluted, the effects will be fatal. By the year 2050, there will be 1,000 to 4,300 additional premature nationally because of combined ozone and air particle pollution. Experts aren't sure how airborne particles are going to effect climate change, but it is certain that health-related costs of ozone air pollution have been estimated at 6.5 bilion dollars, exceeding national standards.

Ways to Prevent Air Pollution

  • Conserve energy – remember to turn off lights, computers, and electric appliances when not in use.
  • Use energy efficient light bulbs and appliances.
  • Participate in your local utility’s energy conservation programs.
  • Limit driving by carpooling, using public transportation, biking and walking.
  • Keep your automobile well tuned and maintained. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on routine maintenance, such as changing the oil and filters, and checking tire pressure and wheel alignment.
  • Avoid excessive idling of your automobile.
  • Use electric or hand-powered lawn care equipment.
  • Be careful not to spill gasoline when filling up your car or gasoline powered lawn and garden equipment.
  • Run dishwashers and clothes washers only when full.
  • Choose environmentally friendly cleaners.
  • Use water-based or solvent free paints whenever possible and buy products that say "low VOC".

Works Cited

"Air Pollutants." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 Nov. 2014. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.

"Air Pollution." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 Dec. 2014. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.

Marsa, Linda. "California's Air Pollution Causes Asthma, Allergies and Premature Births." Discover Magazine. Kalmbach Publishing Co, 7 June 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

"Public Health Issues." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 Nov. 2014. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.

"What Can I Do to Help Reduce Air Pollution? - Air Quality Monitoring and Data Program - NH Department of Environmental Services." NH Department of Environmental Services. N.p., 2014. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.

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