Skin Cancer

By: Alex Meader and Grace Yurish

Definition of skin cancer

Skin cancer is a dangerous growth on the outermost layer of the skin. One that has the potential to be fatal. There are three types of skin cancers. Squamous cell cancer, basal cell cancer, an malignant melanoma.

How is Skin Cancer Diagnosed?

Some ways doctors diagnose skin cancer is through examining your skin, and testing a piece of skin in a lab. This type of test is called a skin biopsy, and it can tell doctors what type of skin cancer you have, and what stage the cancer is. (Mayo Clinic Staff)

What are the symptoms of skin cancer?

-A change in the appearance of a mole

-New mole appearing

-Itchy small bumps

-Small bumps with sores in the center

How does it impact the people it affects?

Skin cancer is preventable. People who have had skin cancer should take extra precautions in making sure they don't get it again because skin cancer is most likely to come back in the first 5 years after being treated. But, almost everyone with skin cancer can go back to how their life was before they got cancer.

How prevalent is skin cancer?

More than 70,000 Americans are diagnosed with melanomas each year and approximately 9,480 Americans are expected to die each year from melanoma. Melanoma is the second most common type of cancer for people ages 15 to 29. Rates of melanoma have been increasing over the past 30 years.

Causes of Skin Cancer?

The most common cause of skin cancer is exposure to Ultraviolet Light, which can come from sunlight.


  • Less common causes are that certain characteristics of people (an example would be fair skin) can put you at a higher risk of getting skin cancer.
  • Choices people make about their bodies (an example would be choosing to go to a tanning booth). (Lehrer)

What happens at the cellular and molecular level?

Skin cancer starts in one cell, that cell grows and then splits.This can lead to cancer cells to covering entire areas, causing multiple layers of skin to become cancerous. (National Cancer Institute)

Treatments of skin cancer

Most skin cancers are removed with a small surgery.If surgery isn’t able to treat the cancer, than other methods using chemicals, or radiation can be used. (Skin Cancer Foundation)

Sources

Alex’s Sources


  • Lehrer, Michael S., MD. "Skin Cancer Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Skin Cancer Causes - EMedicineHealth." EMedicineHealth. EMedicineHealth, 10 May 2015. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

  • "Skin Cancer Foundation." Treatment Options. 2015 The Skin Cancer Foundation, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.
    Website

  • "What Is Cancer?" National Cancer Institute. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2016.

  • Mayo Clinic Staff. "Skin Cancer." Tests and Diagnosis. Mayo Clinic, 10 June 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015. The authors of this article are very credible. They are all staff at the Mayo Clinic which is a highly respected and experienced organization. The authors of the article are all physicians, scientists, and other medical experts. The study results shown on this website are known to be unbiased, and the purpose of the nonprofit website is to share information found at the Mayo Clinic with the public. This article was published June 10, 2015. An article published December 14, 2015 had the same ways to diagnose skin cancer, as the methods listed on the Mayo Clinic website. The basic information on this topic isn’t likely to change without our knowledge. This source provides good information for my topic. It talked about the ways skin cancer can be diagnosed, and then went into a deeper explanation of how each test is performed, and what each test can tell us.


Grace’s Sources

  • "Dermal Medical Skin Care." Medical Skin Care * OC Aesthetics Medical Group * Skin Cancer Facts * Newport Beach * Orange * Anaheim Hills CA. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

  • Scrowcroft, Henry. "Childish Cells with Legs Provide Clues to Skin Cancer." Cancer Research UK Science Blog Childish Cells with Legs Provide Clues to Skin Cancer Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

  • Slowik, Guy. "What Is Skin Cancer?" EhealthMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

  • Ferrara, Miranda Herbert. "Skin Cancer." Gale Virtual Reference. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

I’m very confident in that the author of this article is credible. Miranda Herbert Ferrara has written many books about medicine, health, and wellness. This article has no bias because it is purely facts, it doesn’t lean to one side or the other. This article is fairly new, it was written in 2010. Since the information is facts, it is still accurate. This source had a lot of great information put into it that helped me answer most of my questions.

  • "Teen Health and Wellness." Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

"Skin Cancer." Sceicen in Context. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.