Fitness Component Poster

By: Christina Proctor

Cardiovascular Endurance

The ability of the circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise.


Long Distance Running:

-Breathing in and out to get oxygen

-When you run, you take in oxygen and carry it throughout your body for survival

Muscular Strength

The ability of force that can be produced by a single contraction of a muscle.


Push-Ups:

-Holding your body weight against your arms

-One down/up motion puts pressure on your arm muscles

Muscular Endurance

The ability of a muscle group to continue muscle movement over a length of time.


Squat to Push-up:

-Squatting down then up

-Quickly moving to push up position

-Doing a push up

-Continuing the cycle

Flexibility

The range of movement possible at various joints.


Yoga:

-Stretching the muscles

-Allowing more movement so more exercises can be done

Body Compostion

The relative percentage of body fat compared to lean body mass (muscle, bone, water, etc.).


Healthy:

-Excess fat is lost

-Muscle is retained

-Overall better health


Unhealthy:

-Muscle is lost

-Fat is retained

-Increased risk to other serious health concerns

Speed

The ability to move quickly from one point to another in a straight line.


Track Running:

-Running directly straight to the end of the track

-Going very fast in order to win with the fastest time

-Quick burst of energy to work the muscles

Agility

The ability of the body to change direction quickly.


Agility Ladder:

-Moving in a shuffling motion down the ladder

-Quickly switching sides and going the opposite direction

-Leg muscles need to have agility in order to move fast and switch up fast

Balance

The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving.


Heel-to-Toe Walk:

-Straight posture

-Balanced walking

-Gives the ability to walk up and down stairs without falling over

Coordination

Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses.


Ball and Stick Sports: (Baseball, Basketball, Tennis, etc.)

-Makes your eyes get better at tracking moving objects

-Hand coordination helps you manage moving objects during a game

-Both together enhances your hand-eye coordination

Reaction Time

The time it takes to react and move once you realize the need to move.


Tennis:

-Player must anticipate the next move in order to hit the ball correctly

-Once the ball is hit, the players must move quickly to hit it again

-The muscles need to be prepared to move rapidly

-Hand-eye coordination is necessary

Power

The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace.


Vertical Jumps:

-Full squat position

-Leg muscles need to be strong enough to create a lot of pressure

-The pressure is pushed down so your body jumps up higher