Vertical and horizontal

Vertical Articulation

"Vertical alignment is the alignment of different parts of an entire education system. Vertical alignment can occur at broad or specific levels of an education system" ( Case, p. 4).

Horizontal Articulation

Horizontal alignment is the degree to which an assessment matches the corresponding content standards for a subject area at a particular grade level ( Case, p. 3)
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Case, B., & Zucker, S. (2005, July). Horizontal and Vertical Alignment (Rep.). Retrieved April/May, 2016, from Pearson website.