Albinism

By Dritan Sherifi

Albinism

  • Condition that occurs during birth
  • The disease affects the eyes, hair, and skin
  • This disease is inherited
  • recessive inheritance.

Inherited

  • Albinism is a genetic condition that reduces the melanin pigment formed in the skin hair and eyes.
  • 18,000-20,000 people have some type of Albinism throughout the world.
  • Most people with Albinism have blue eyes, and some hazel or brown eyes.
  • Different amount of pigment in eyes varies.

Symptoms

  • Absence of color in the hair,skin,or eyes lighter than normal coloring of hair,skin, or eye patches.
  • Impaired Vision
  • Blindness
  • Photo phobia

Research

  • Genetic mutations appear to be lead by the lack of melanin production.
  • 1 in 40,000 people worldwide have type 2 oculoctaneous albinism which has symptoms of unusually light hair and skin correlation.
  • Such Albinism can cause sunlight-related skin or eye cancers.

Tests and Treatments

The following are tests and treatments for Albinism

  • Sadly their is no cure for Albinism.
  • Some treatment mite be to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from the UV rays coming from the sun.
  • Surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eyes movements.
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