US HISTORY PROJECT

BY LISA HORNY

THE BATTLE OF YORKTOWN IN 1781

The Battle of Yorktown was the last great battle of the American Revolutionary War. It is where the British Army surrendered and the British government began to consider a peace treaty. In this battle between the French, Americans, and the British, nearly one third of the soldiers were Germans. There were thousands on each side. The battle lasted around 20 days.The British leader, General Cornwallis, was expecting to get reinforcements from the British Navy. When the French defeated the British Navy and prevented them from sending help, Cornwallis knew he was going to lose the battle.

BATTLE OF SARATOGA

The two Battles of Saratoga were a turning point in the American Revolution. The first battle of Saratoga, the Battle of Freeman's Farm, took place on September 19, 1777. The second battle, the Battle of Bemis Heights, occurred on October 7th. General John Burgoyne had begun his advance south, but was stopped about 10 miles below Saratoga fighting occurred in a clearing known as Freeman’s Farm. A militia of sharpshooters from Virginia, under Daniel Morgan, harassed the British. Following the initial battle at Freeman’s Farm, the American forces of led by Horatio Gates were positioned in their fortification on Bemis Heights which was located nine miles south of Saratoga.

BOSTON MASSACRE

American Revolution

The Boston Massacre began the evening of March 5, 1770 with a small argument between British Private Hugh White and a few colonists outside the Custom House in Boston on King Street. The argument began to escalate as more colonists gathered and began to harass and throw sticks and snowballs at Private White.