Hindi

All about the Hindi Language

Introduction to Hindi

Hindi is the third most widely spoken language in the world, nearly 500 to 600 Million people speak this language. The language is developed from Sanskrit through Prakrit and Apabhramasa. Hindi is similar to Urdu, which is the official language of Pakistan, and is also closely related to Bengali, Punjabi, and Gujarati. Even though Hindi is derived from so many languages, it isn't that hard to learn. This is because the writing system of Hindi is formed from Sanskrit and Devanagari, and since Devanagari is very straightforward and logical. Hindi is very easy to learn, what also helps is that the pronunciation of the words is very simple. This is due to the fact that the letters are always pronounced the same way. What also is in the Devanagari script, is that it possesses a "line" that goes through most of the letters of the Devanagari script. The "line" is drawn through the letters as the writing goes on, connecting each word.

Did You Know...

The Hindi alphabet has eleven vowels and thirty-three consonants in it?


The Development of Hindi

The Hindi language is the official language of the Indian Union and it's understood by more than 30% of the inhabitants of India. It is also known as a "Lingua franca" which means that Hindi is a language made for communications between two or more groups that speak different native languages. Though Hindi is basically thought of like Hindustani, which was derived from the language of Khari Boli. The language was the speech of certain classes in districts that were related to the Mughal court. This was during the 16th to 18th centuries. Except when when the wise men at Fort William College in Calcutta (Kolkata) made a Sanskrit like form of Hindustani in the late 18th to early 19th centuries. It became later known as the language of Hindi.

Did You Know...

The Hindi language has been enhanced by the languages of Persian, Turkish, Farsi, Arabic, Portuguese, and English?

The First Written Records of Hindi

The oldest known form of old Hindi, also previously known as Hindustani, was written in 400 A.D. in the language of Apabhramasa. The famous Indian Literature writer named Kalidas wrote Vikramorvasiyam which is a romantic play. Though the earliest Hindi printing was in the 18th century in the book Grammar of the Hindoostani Language by John Gilchrist. The book contains some Hindi/Devanagari texts but Grammar of the Hindoostani Language is mainly a Urdu-English book. Even though the book by John Gilchrist is considered the first evidence of Hindi printing, Prem Sagar is thought of as the first published Hindi book in 1805. The book is by Llalloo Lal and it tells about the deeds of the Hindu god Lord Krishna.

Bibliography

  1. "Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition." Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. <http://school.eb.com/ebc/article-9367120?query=Hindi>.
  2. BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/other/hindi/guide/facts.shtml>.
  3. "Article: History of the Hindi Language." Article: History of the Hindi Language. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://www.hindisociety.com/ArticleHindiHistory.htm>.