Bill Of Rights
N'Denasija Collins U.S. History Period 7th
What are the Bill Of Rights ?
Bill 2 : The right to bear arms
Court Case : Bliss vs Commonwealth
It said the state could not limit the kind of weapons a citizen could have. In 1822 case was the first major court ruling over the right to keep and bear arms for personal use.
Bill 3 : The right to privacy in the home
Court Case : Nevada Man
Henderson claimed his rights were violated by the police of the 3rd Amendment. Not clear that police would've considered "soldiers" under the 3rd amendment so court rejected idea.
Bill 5 : Double jeopardy , self-incrimination , and due process of law
Court Case : Brown vs Ohio
The defendant was put on trial twice for offenses involving the same crime. He was convinced 1st of joyriding and then also convicted for stealing a vehicle.
Bill 6 : The rights of the accused in criminal cases
Court Case : Barker vs Wingo
Barker was arrested for murder. He was not brought to trial until 1963. He asked for an appeal because he didn't have a speedy trial once he was found guilty.
Bill 7 : The right to jury a trial
Court Case : Curtis v. Loether (1974). Accordingly, in a series of decisions in the second half of the twentieth century, the Supreme Court ruled that the Seventh Amendment guarantees the right to trial by jury in procedurally novel settings, like declaratory judgment actions
Bill 8 : Preventing cruel and unusual punishment
Court Case : Robison vs California
California law imposed a mandatory prison sentence for drug addiction. The Supreme Court ruled that imprisonment for a misdemeanor was cruel and unusual punishment.
Bill 9 : Rights retained by the people
Court Case : Roe vs Wade
Jane Roe wanted an abortion because she couldn't support her 2 kids. In Texas , abortion was illegal. After the Supreme Court got involved they agreed that it should be the woman's choice.
Bill 10 : Limiting federal powers
Court Case : Hammer vs Dagenbart
The U.S. attorney for the west district of North California , W.C Hammer, argued that the new child labor law was necessary to protect the public good. The nation's first child labor law was officially overturned.