Tuberculosis (TB)

Rachel Gendreau

Types of Tuberculosis

  • Bacteria: Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Latent TB infection (able to fight TB off)
  • TB disease (not able to fight TB off)

How Tuberculosis is Spread

Air:
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Speaking

Symptoms

  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing blood
  • Fatigued

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Sweating

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Growth Patterns

Infects:
  • Lungs
  • Kidney
  • Spine
  • Brain
Grows:
  • Vacuoles in the cells
  • Hostile environment (slow to reproduce)
  • Impenetrable cell wall

History

  • Ancient Times
  • Different Names
  • Peaked in 18th century
  • Lack of medical knowledge

Many famous people suffered from TB

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Resistance

  • Mycobacterium
  • Advantage in hostile environments

Medications and Prevention

  • TB Latent Infection (Prevention)
  • TB Disease (Medication)

Increased Risk for TB

Possible situation that can cause an increased risk of TB:

  • HIV
  • Illegal drugs
  • Babies
  • Elderly people
  • Not treated for TB in past

Citation

  • Piddington, Debra, Ali Kashkouli, and Nancy Buchmeier. "Growth of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in a Defined Medium Is Very Restricted by Acid PH and Mg2 Levels." Infection and Immunity. American Society for Microbiology. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.
  • "Basic TB Facts." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 13 Mar. 2012. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.
  • "Tuberculosis - Google Search." Tuberculosis - Google Search. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.