Figures of Speech

Noah Harvey and Zach Bonk

The Nine Figures of Speech

1. Alliteration

· The repetition of an initial consonant sound.

i. She sells sea-shells by the seashore.

2. Onomatopoeia

· The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.

i. The water plops into the pound.

3. Oxymoron

· A figure of speech in which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side.

i. The jumbo shrimp was sad.

4. Personification

· A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.

i. The pig was talking to the bee.

5. Assonance

· Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.

i. It beats… as it sweeps… as it cleans.

6. Hyperbole

· An extravagant statement; the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.

i. I was a million times smarter than that guy.

7. Irony

· The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea.

i. A man who is a traffic cop gets his license suspended for unpaid parking tickets.

8. Metaphor

· An implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.

i. I was colder than ice.

9. Simile

· A stated comparison (usually formed with "like" or "as") between two fundamentally dissimilar things that have certain qualities in common.

i. I ran like the wind.