American Revolution

1775

Why and How did it start?

The American Revolution began in 1775 as open conflict between the united thirteen colonies and Great Britain. The war began as a disagreement over the way in which Great Britain treated the colonies versus the way the colonies felt they should be treated. Americans felt they deserved all the rights of Englishmen. The British, on the other hand, felt that the colonies were created to be used in the way that best suited the crown and parliament.

Important people in the revolution

John Adams: A prominent Boston lawyer who first became famous for defending the British soldiers accused of murdering five civilians in the Boston Massacre.

Samuel Adams: Second cousin to John Adams and a political activist. Adams was a failed Bostonian businessman who became an activist in the years leading up to the Revolutionary War.

Joseph Brant: A Mohawk chief and influential leader of the Iroquois tribes. Brant was one of the many Native American leaders who advocated an alliance with Britain against the Americans in the Revolutionary War. He and other tribal leaders hoped an alliance with the British might provide protection from land-hungry American settlers.

Benjamin Franklin: Franklin drew the famous “Join or Die” political cartoon for the Albany Congress. He was also a delegate for the Second Continental Congress and a member of the committee responsible for helping to draft the Declaration of Independence in 1776.

King George III: King of Great Britain during the American Revolution. The king that made the colonist angry and pushed them to react in revolts.

Effects of the American Revolution

The final result was reached by the people gaining their freedom and equality back from Great Britain

Important Events

The Rides of Paul Revere and William Dawes (4/18)

The Battles of Lexington and Concord (4/19)

The Second Continental Congress (met in Philadelphia, 5/10)

Geroge Washington named Commander in Chief (6/15)

Battle of Bunker Hill (fought on Breed's Hill) (6/17)

Declaration of Independence adopted (7/4)

Declaration of Independence signed (8/2)

Arrival of 30,000 British troops in New York harbor

British win the Battle of Long Island (Battle of Brooklyn) (8/27-30)

Articles of Confederation in 1781

U.S constitution ratified in 1787