Komodo Dragon

Benjamin Charles Hartje, Period 3, 5/9/16

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Komodo Dragons live on specific islands of Indonesia. They like warm and dry weather, which is why they live in Indonesia. Komodo Dragons normally live in open areas, like savannas. "The Komodo Dragon can be found on the islands of Komodo, Rintja, Padar, Flores, Gili, Mota, and Owadi Sami." (Australia Zoo)
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The Komodo Dragon can move in a variety of different ways. It's main mode of transportation is its legs. "Due to the physiology of lizards, it is hard to run and breath at the same time. Komodo dragons have adapted a gular pouch under their chin. They fill the pouch with air and pump it down into their lungs, allowing them to chase down prey at speeds up to 20 mph." (Sedwick County Zoo) Komodo Dragons are also pretty good climbers. They can climb up many slopes quite easily. They are also decent swimmers.
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Body Covering

Like all reptilians, Komodo Dragons have scaly skin. "It has scaly skin in some dark hue of green, black, brown, or gray." (Sedwick County Zoo) Komodo Dragons also have sharp claws that they use to tear up their prey. They also have a tongue that they use for smelling. Finally they have a long tail.
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Komodo Dragons are carnivores, so they only eat meat. Their diet is mostly made up of deer, wild pigs, goats, rodents, etc. "Komodo Dragons eat almost any kind of meat. They will scavenge for carrion or stalk animals ranging in size from small rodents to large water buffalo" (Australia Zoo) Komodo Dragons have to be very patient and very stealthy to hunt. They lie in wait until they see an opening and then BAM! They attack and with the bacteria in the bite they will die if they escape.
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Komodo Dragons reproduce using parthenogenesis. That means a female can lay an egg without a male. "Sexual maturity is reached between seven and nine years old. Breeding occurs between May and August." (Sedwick County Zoo) The eggs are then laid in September. The female then puts the egg underground or in a tree hallow.
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Komodo Dragons have teeth adapted for ripping things. "Komodo Dragons can consume up to 80 percent of their body weight in one meal, so they have developed jaws, throats, , and stomachs that are highly elastic and can expand to swallow large chunks of food". (Sedwick County Zoo) Komodo dragons also have many types of bacteria in their saliva which makes their bite incredibly dangerous.
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Fun Facts

-"Komodo Dragon's bite is weaker than a house cat." (National Geographic)

-"Komodo Dragons can run up to 11 mph in short bursts." (National Graphic)

-"There is a population of 3,000 to 5,000 Komodo Dragons on the islands of Komodo." (National Geographic)

-"Komodo Dragons are the heaviest lizards on Earth" (National Geographic)

-"The saliva of the Komodo Dragon contains close to 50 types of bacteria. Additionally they are now known to have venom." (Minnesota Zoo)

-"Komodos don't eat often, but when they do they can take a lot; 80 percent of their body weight." (Minnesota Zoo)

-"Komodo Dragons are capable of stretching and unhinging theirs jaws which enables them to eat large prey." (Minnesota Zoo)

-" Much like a shark Komodo Dragons go through 4 or 5 sets of teeth throughout their life. Their mouth contains 60 sharp teeth." (Minnesota Zoo)

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Works Cited

"Komodo Dragon." http://nationalzoo.si.edu/. Smithsonian Museum, 14 Oct. 2006. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/ReptilesAmphibians/Facts/FactSheets/Komododragon.cfm>.

"Komodo Dragon." scz.org. Sedwick County Zoo, 11 July 2009. Web. 14 May 2016. <https://www.scz.org/animal_exhibits-animal.php?a_id=210>.

"Komodo Dragons – the Largest Reptiles on Earth." http://easyscienceforkids.com/. Easy Science for Kids, n.d. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-the-komodo-dragon/>.

"Komodo Monitor." http://mnzoo.org/. Minnesota Zoo, 2 Feb. 2013. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://mnzoo.org/blog/animals/komodo-monitor/>.

"National Geographic News, Reporting Your World Daily Thursday, October 28, 2010 MAINANIMAL N Komodo Dragon's Bite Is 'Weaker than a House Cat's.'" nationalgeographic.com. National Geographic, 5 Apr. 1996. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/04/080418-komodo-dragons.html>.

"REPTILES - Komodo Dragon." australiazoo.com. Australia Zoo, n.d. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://www.australiazoo.com.au/our-animals/reptiles/lizards/komodo-dragon/>.

Sheppard, Brad, Jr. "Komodo Dragons." sheppardsoftware.com. Sheppard Software, 6 May 2002. Web. 14 May 2016. <http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/animals/reptiles/komododragon.htm>.