Minimalism

Late 50's - Mid 70's , Emerging Today

The World

Submerged from New York to renounce previous art forms

Similarities to Hippie Culture - representing freedom of change & adventure


Events:

  • Berlin Wall
  • Man in Space
  • Andy Warhol
  • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • "I have a Dream Speech"
  • First mini skirt appears
  • Rolling Stones/The Beatles
  • Assassinations of Martin Luther King Jr & Robert F. Kennedy
  • Pregnancy Pill
  • Post WWII

This era was a wave of invention, rebellion and combat - lead to strong influences for younger artists

The Artwork

Minimalism = limited, simplicity in content and form

*Removed signs of emotion or recognized symbols - allowing freedom of intensity without distraction of theme, composition


Most often monochromatic (plain colors) surfaces such as shapes and backgrounds


No visible brush strokes or textures unless its focus


Aesthetic appeal due to sleek, geometric works (elegant, sophisticated)


Stood clear from Abstract Expressionism - strong contrast of technique, geometry


Steered away from traditional materials instead more industrial, commercial and manufacturing materials.


Color was not used to persuade feel and emotion but to indicate space (House paint rather than oil paint)

Audience

- New movement, people favored over dramatic art forms (going against, yet following this new trend)

- First came about, challenging authority

Gained so much interest that it moved into industrial uses such as buildings


Fascinating art form at the time, conveying so much from so little

The Artist

- Wave of influences, inspired many artists to question boundaries

- Distanced themselves from Abstract expressionism - removing narrative, symbols

Minimalists aimed to breakdown the distinctions between art and sculpture


Stayed away from traditional art materials - form of rebellion


Rejected the idea of art reflecting emotion from the artist - aimed for audience



Mark Rothko 1903- 1970 (Early Minimalism)


Russian, moved to New York


Not only artworks, he made the Rothko Chapel - in theme of minimalism


Him and Frank Stella are highly recognized in this art form

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