Queensland

By Justice Hoffman

Landforms

Landforms include: the Great Barrier Reef, sandy beaches, river plains, elevated plateaus, dry deserts, and agricultural belts.

Rivers: there are hundreds of rivers but major ones are the Flinders, Mitchel, Fitzroy, Mary, and Bisbane rivers.

There are no large natural lakes on the mainland.

Mountains: the Great Driving Range is the main mountain.

Climates

  • Far North and Coastal areas: Hot and Humid
  • Coastal elevated areas: Warm and humid
  • Central West: Hot and dry
  • Inland: temperate

Plants and Animals

Plants:

There are over 9,000 native plants some include:

Eucalyptus, wattles, fireweed, water chestnuts, cats creeper, and prickly pear cactuses.


Animals:

Bats, kangaroos, cassowaries, brush turkeys, crocodiles,snakes, humpback whales, possums, box jellyfish, blue ringed octopus




Natural Resources

Natural resources include:


  • coal, petroleum, copper, lead, silver, zinc, and bauxite
  • Economy relies on these natural resources


History

  • Aboriginal Australians arrived around 50-60,000 years ago, by boat or land bridge.
  • 1606- first European contact with aboriginal Australians.
  • 1770- Captain James Cook sails the coastline and makes a a map.
  • 1848- first newspaper in Queensland is printed.
  • 1865- first rail line in Queensland opens.
  • 1870- free primary education (first in Australia)
  • 1898- severe drought begins and lasts until 1903 (5 years)
  • 1905- women in Queensland granted right to vote
  • 1914 WW1 declared (ends in 1918)
  • 2008- global finincal crisis

People and Languages

  • Queensland has no official languages but English is widely spoken.
  • Has a reputation for being most conservative state in Australia
  • It has been deemed Australia’s “Deep North,” in reference to the “Deep South” of the United States.

Land Use

  • Nature conservation
  • Farming
  • Residential
  • Grazing
  • Mining

Religion and Education

Religion:

  • Christianity
  • Catholic
  • Buddhism
  • Islam
  • Hindu
  • No religion
  • Other
Education:

  • All people have access to an education

Tradition, Customs, and Food

Tradition:
  • Celebrate Anzac Day- a day to celebrate those who have served in war.
Food:
  • Fruits include: mango, lychee, rambutan, mangoes papaya, banana, sweet pineapple, lime, pumelo, jackfruit
  • Seafoods include: Coral Trout, Banana Prawns, Endeavour Prawns, Tiger Prawns and King Prawns, Moreton Bay Bugs, Mudcrab, Threafin, Saddle-tail Snapper, Mackerel
Customs:

  • Australians are not very formal so greetings are casual and relaxed
  • Australians prefer to use first names, even at the initial meeting
  • Use good table manners
  • Typically say "G'day mate" when greeting fellow Aussies.


Current Issues and Challenges

  • Cost of basic services
  • Lack of road maintenance
  • Under funding in education
  • Lots of flooding