Johnson

Johnson's Presidency & The Election of 1964

  • Finished Kennedy's term after assassinated


When:

  • November 3, 1964


Candidates:

  • Republican: Barry Goldwater
  • Democrat: Lyndon B. Johnson (winner)


Election:

  • Easily won
  • Had electoral and popular vote
  • 61.1 % of the votes
  • Voters liked his fondness for Kennedy

The Great Society

  • The 4 big legislation achievements: aid to education, medical care for elderly and indigent, immigration reform, and new voting bill rights
  • Largest reform agenda since the New Deal
  • 2 new cabinet offices: Department of Transportation and Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • First black cabinet secretary- Robert C. Weaver
  • National Endowments for the Arts and Humanities designed to lift American culture
  • 1965 Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor
  • 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act abolished quota from 1921 and double number of immigrants allowed, while setting limit of immigrants from Western Hemisphere

24th Amendent

  • Ratified January 1964
  • Abolished poll tax in federal elections
  • Chief goal of black movement in the South

Tonkin Gulf Resolution & Vietnam War

  • Passed in 1964
  • Passed in response to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident
  • Was not formal decree of war by Congress
  • Gave expansion of Vietnam War

Civil Rights Act of 1964 & Voting Rights Act

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 gave federal government more muscle to enforce school desegregation orders and prohibit racial discrimination
  • Problem with voting rights still remained
  • Poll tax, literacy tests, and barefaced intimidation kept blacks from voting
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Signed into law on August 6
  • Outlawed literacy tests and sent federal voter registrars into souther states
  • Voting Rights Act climaxed abuse for African Americans and did not end discrimination

1968

  • Martin Luther King, Jr. and Bobby Kennedy assassinations
  • Riots at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago
  • 1968 Johnson couldn't avoid that the U.S. couldn't win Vietnam War
  • April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated
  • King's murder set off riots across the country
  • My Lai- mass murder by the U.S. Army on March 16, 1968 on hundreds of unarmed citizens in the South Vietnamese town of My Lai