Rome and It's Architecture

Brittney Boehme 1B

Introduction to Rome

Rome is located on the middle west side of Italy near the Tiber River. Rome has many hills and is not very flat. The Etruscans and the Greeks were the first to settle in Rome. The Etruscans colonized around 600 BCE and were brought under Rome under Etruscan Rule. The greeks settled in Sicily bringing thier Polytheistic Religion. Twin Latin brothers Romulus and Remus were the offspring of a she wolf, and were human. The myth states that both men were unaware of their true ancestry and were both born to be leaders. They decided to found a city. Romulus wants the city at Palentine Hill and Rmeus wants it at Aventine Hill. they quarell and Remus dies at eh hands of his own brother. Therefore the City was named Rome after Romulus and is located at the Palentine Hill.

Nine Architectural Acievements

Colosseum (Coliseum)

  • Completed in 80 AD
  • Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 70 AD, and was completed in 80 AD under his heir Titus. Futher Modifications were made during the reign of Domitian. All three of these emperors were in the Flavian Dynasty therefore naming it Flavian Ampithatheatre.
  • Made for gladiator battles and entertainment.

Baths of Caracalla

  • 211-217 AD
  • Emperor Carcallla
  • Built for public cleaning

Pantheon

  • Temple designated to all the gods
  • Made during teh reign of Agustus but rebuilt by Hadrian about 126 AD

Roaman Roads

  • Vital for the development of Rome and the transportation of Items and people such as armies
  • Made in 500 BCE
  • Established under the Reign of Agustus

Trajan's Column

  • Built to commemorate the win of Emperor Trajan in the Dacian Wars
  • Completed in 113 AD
  • Eastablished by Emperor Trajan

Circus Maximus

  • Ancient Chariot Racing Stadium
  • Julius Ceaser developed the Circus Maximus
  • Started in 329 BCE but was not finished for a span of time due to additions and destruction

Catacombs

  • Built by the Christians
  • Used for burial of the believers in Christian Religion
  • Began in 2nd Century AD

Forum

  • Center of Roman Public life, speeches, elections, trials, executions all took place in the forum. Where the Senate and Senate House began.
  • Constructed by multiple emperors one of them being Julius Ceaser.
  • 184 BCE when certain parts were finished.

Aqueducts

  • Built to supply water to towns for public beathing and other necessities.
  • Third Century AD
  • Emperor Trajan intiated the Aqueducts