Pyramids

Created by: Vanessa Shemerdiak and Sarah Galosi

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Video on building the pyramids.

Why are the pyramids a triangle?

You may be wondering why the pyramids were built as a triangle. Well, the pyramid had slanted sides so that the dead pharaoh inside could "climb" up to the sky and live forever. Also, if you were to take away one ray of the sun, you could place one of the pyramids in there and it would look like it would fit. Or at least, that is what they were going for. On the website http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/q-and-a/a5643/ancient-egypt-pyramids-0409/ it said that the Egyptians wanted the pyramids to represent a ray of the sun because the sun was "the most powerful thing in the universe. If the Egyptians had wanted to build giant cubes or rectangles, they would have done it. It really is solar symbolism that makes them love that shape."

Who really built the pyramids?

Many stories have started that the pyramid builders were slaves, but that is only part of the truth. There is proof from the people who built the pyramids. Skeletons were found showing the individuals who built the ancient pyramids were the Egyptians. From the website http://news.discovery.com/history/ancient-egypt/pyramids-tombs-giza-egypt.htm it said "No way would they have been buried so honorably if they were slaves." When the Nile was flooding, farmers would also come over to help because their farming was not possible at that time . With everyone building the pyramids, it went a lot faster than with a few people.

How were they built?

The pyramids are indeed amazing and interesting, but how were they created? Many researchers think that they used a ramp to walk up and move blocks into place. However, recent studies showed that the blocks were being moved across the dessert. They would put a small amount of water on the sand in front of it so it would be easier to move. On the website http://daily.jstor.org/scientists-have-an-answer-to-how-the-egyptian-pyramids-were-built/ it said that "evidence suggests that the blocks were first levered onto wooden sleds and then hauled up ramps made of sand." Lastly, they would put on a limestone finish. Over the years, some of the stones were removed to use in rebuilding structures like palaces, bridges, and mosques. The pyramid of Khufu was the tallest structure in the world at 481 ft for 4,000 years, but over time it lost 31 feet off the top because of erosion.

One of the seven wonders of the ancient world

Out of all the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Egyptian Pyramids are the oldest and only surviving wonders. The Great Pyramid of Giza are the oldest on the list. They are considered one of the seven wonders because it is a miracle of human engineering and construction. It shows that the imagination and hard work of humans is possible because it took about 20 years to complete. Its size and almost perfect measurements were astonishing and amazing. The website http://www.seven-wonders-world.com/pyramid giza.htm said “the Pyramid of Khufu is the extraordinary testimony of the human genius because it was immense and impressive considering the epoch.” There is no wonder why the Great Pyramid of Giza was on the list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.