Moose-Impacted By Climate Change

The Problem

What is Climate Change?

We have all heard of Climate Change, but what exactly is it? The word climate means the average temperature over time. Climate Change has to do with this temperature rising or falling. Climate Change is caused when greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere and do not reflect back at a normal rate. These gases include CO2, Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and Fluoridated Gases (man-made). (The Green Paper)

The Impact Of Climate Change On Wildlife

Climate Change causes the earth to heat up and this change can cause a number of different issues such as:
  • Transforming Habitats- Sea Ice, Wetlands, etc.
  • Range Shifts- Climate can control where a species are found, example: Northward shifts
  • Shifts In The Timing Of Biological Events- Migration, breeding, etc.
  • Pests And Disease Issues- More insects surviving through the winter
(The Green Paper)

The Moose

Moose are the largest of the deer species. These majestic animals have huge antlers that can span up to 6ft. Moose require a cool climate to survive and graze on tall grasses because it is difficult for them to lower their heads to the ground. Despite their large size, Moose are great swimmers and can feed on aquatic plants. Moose are generally found in the northern regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. Their average life span is about 15-20 years in the wild (National Geographic).

The Problem

Unfortunately, climate change is affecting the Moose population. Warmer winters have spiked a increase in the tick population. These ticks can leave the Moose weakened by blood loss and they can die from anemia. The heat affects the Moose directly by causing weight loss, a fall in pregnancy rates, and increase of vulnerability to disease. (National Wildlife Federation).
There has been a ten-twenty fold increase of ticks over the last few years. In addition to the information mentioned earlier, when a Moose is infested with ticks, it rubs against tree bark and leave patches of skin exposed. This causes the Moose trouble when it does get cold because now they have no protection. (Scientific American.com)

Taylor Monroe