Population is Density: New Zealand

By: Calvin Solomon

New Zealand

About the Island

New Zealand is a country made of two islands in the pacific ocean east of Australia. Because it was one of the last land masses occupied by humans there are many different plant and animal species that have gotten the chance to inhabit the islands between 1250-1300 CE Polynesians settled on the islands and created the Maori culture. In 1840 representatives of the British Crown and the Maori chiefs signed the treaty of Waitangi which made New Zealand a British colony.

The Maori People

According to the 2013 census 14.9% of the New Zealand population identified as Māori. Seeing as though the Māori where the first people to inhabit the land that is now New Zealand, this is a mind blowing statistic that brings an important question to light. One of which is why the population of the founding people of New Zealand is so small compared to that of those who merely immigrated there.




The New Zealand government is formed from a democratically elected House of Representatives. The Government advises the Sovereign or Head of State.

What are they doing to help the population

Because New Zealand is such a small country they feel as though they are on the right track when it comes to population. With goals and predictions to reach around 7 million by the year 2061, it is clear that the population right now is growing slowly but could rapidly increase in the coming years. As far as population of different kinds of people that live in New Zealand there are many laws that call for the preservation of tribes and native people(s) such as the Māori so that their population does not come to such a small number that they go extinct any time soon.


New Zealand lies about 1,600 km from both Australia and Polynesia. Its three main islands are the North and South islands and Stewart Island which is south of the South Island.


The rolling hills of New Zealand are a big reason why they thrive as an agricultural powerhouse. The landscape helps the different types of animals thrive in their respected biomes. Whether the Hill tops near the volcanoes or the low valleys where the geysers erupt New Zealand is the perfect place for the extraordinary amounts of animal and plant species. Because the island is so close to antarctica there are massive glaciers that surround the southern coast.


New Zealand now sits on the boundary of the Indo-Australian and Pacific tectonic plates which is also called the Pacific 'Ring of Fire'. This is the reason for much of the earthquakes and volcanic activity. The magnitude of the earthquakes in New Zealand is very large due to its placement there are 20,000 recorded earthquakes a year. Not all are very big but is a very important statistic to recognize. In Christchurch New Zealand in June of 2011 there was an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 on the Richter scale. This was the last earthquake that resulted in a fatality in New Zealand. More recently, the last earthquake in New Zealand was on the 14th of February this year with a magnitude of 5.7.



Because of New Zealand's placement, the warm air from the tropics meets cold dry air from Antarctica. The two twist around and bump into each other. These swirling air masses sweep over New Zealand from the west causing tornadoes. Large volumes of stable, dry, descending air are called highs which bring settled weather.Highs going east cross the country every six to seven days. Between the highs are areas of unstable, ascending air known as low-pressure systems, or ‘lows’. There are cold fronts that come through New Zealand bringing very uncomfortable, strong gusts of wind.

In New Zealand:

-Spring arrives in September and October with an average climate of: 53.7ºF.

-Summer is cool to mild in the south from Late January or early February through to mid- march with an average climate of: 61.88ºF

-The Fall is the most settled time coming in about April with an average climate of 55.94°F.

-Winter is cold, especially in the South Island and inland areas coming at about July there are average temperatures of 46.94ºF

Fun facts