Mason Colton, Editor-in-Chief

The Childhood of Babe Ruth

New York City 1915: Babe Ruth was born in Baltimore Maryland. His real name was George Herman, but later on became known as Babe Ruth. His parents George Sr. and Kate had 8 children, but only 2 survived and grew up. George survived and his younger sister. His mom Kate had a Irish and German background. His dad George was a saloon keeper of the German descent. Babe's parents both worked at a local tavern. They both worked very long hours and that didn't leave much time to raise their children and have family time. Babe wasn't you goody too shoes type of kid, he made it really hard for his parents to parent him. By age 7 George was running around the streets of Baltimore. He would constantly be getting in trouble. He got most of his habits from dock workers. He would throw tomatoes at police, get into minor fights, and sometimes he would be found chewing tobacco and drinking alcohol. The parents were having lots of trouble controlling George, so in 1902 they decided to send him to St. Mary's Industrial school just for boys. This school was ran by Xaverian Brothers. This school was kind of like a orphanage trade and a reform school. This school was very strict. Babe had a part of him that was discovered more recently.

They found out that he had ADHD. When they found this out it answered why he was so ornery as a child and sometimes as an adult. Although his ADHD played a big role in baseball for him because when he found what he loved which was baseball, ADHD enhanced his skills in baseball and since he could focus so much it helped him out tremendously. At St. Mary's is where his behaviors really change. This is where he found two very important influences in his life. He found brother Mathias(a mentor at the school) and he found his key to greatness, baseball. In 1914 Ruth started to get discovered by the Baltimore Orioles. After the Orioles scouted Ruth they wanted him on the team, but Ruth needed a legal guardian since he was only 18. So he had Jack Dunn(The Orioles General Manager) become his legal guardian, then he signed and became a true Oriole. Ruth was the young one on the team and decided to stick around Jack. The first time Ruth went to the mound during spring training one of the players yelled out "Look at Dunnie and his new babe" and over time the name babe stuck with Ruth and that's how he became Babe Ruth.

The history of the Paramount Theater

Marion Iowa: The paramount theater was designed and created by the architect Timothy L. Pflueger which was completed in late 1931. It was one of the first buildings after the depression era that allowed artist to perform with orchestra to am audience and script a play and tell a story. Timothy was the son of German parents and was born in San Francisco in 1892. Timothy was a very hard worker and obtained his first job at 11 years old. At Beuax Arts Institute of Design is where he studies architecture, which was in is native city. The firm James R. Miller was where he first engaged in 1910. In 1920 he became a full partner of the company. Timothy was one of the most intelligent and colorful artist in the bay area. In 1912 Timothy made his very own building, the Portola Valley church which is now a historical landmark. There are 3 of his buildings that got him picked to be the architect of the paramount theater. One of the buildings was the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph company. Another building is the Medical and Dental. The last building that got him recognized is the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange.

California and the Gilded Age

Cedar Rapids Iowa: The 1906 earthquake in California was ranked as one of the most significant earthquakes of all time. The earthquake had a large rupture radius of 296 miles of the San Andrea's fault. The significant's of the fault was not fully appreciated until almost a half century later! At 5:12 AM the earthquake force shock was felt. About 25 seconds later the P wave(Primary Wave) started and the disaster began. The strong shacking lasted anywhere from 45 to 60 seconds. The earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada. People also remember the fire from the earthquake which was really bad. In the earthquake there were about 700 deaths including the fire. Most fatalities were recorded in San Francisco, but 189 were reported else where.

Texas! The Progressive and Imperialism state

San Antonio Texas: In the last half of the 19th century the Chisholm Trail, let cattlemen round up long horns by the millions. They move the long horns up north into Kansas. During this part of history somewhere along the way there became a cowboy. The east was in a big demand for beef, so Kansas decided to get cattle and start shipping beef over. The first year they shipped 35,000 head and every year it doubled until 1871, when 600,000 cattle heads were shipped. The first person to ever lead a heard of cattle to Kansas was O.W. Wheeler. In 1867 he bought 2,400 steers in San Antonio. When they reached the North Canadian River in Indian territory they found wagon tracks and followed them. At first the trail was refereed to as the Kansas Trail, but later on the cowmen gave the name Chisholm Trail from Rio Grande to Kansas.

Louisiana during WW1

Kansas: The wetlands in Louisiana was huge during WW1. Over time wetlands have been decreasing and losing water. The 3 million acres of from Louisiana is decreasing every year by 75 square kilometers annually. This is becoming difficult and costly. About half of the nations the wetlands have been lost over the past 200 years. People that dredging wetlands for canals. They also drained and filling for agriculture, grazing, or development played a big role in the loss of the wetlands. The wetlands in Louisiana contributes to about 40% of the United States wetlands. Also 80% of the United States wetland losses. Not all wetlands are losing water some are stable and others are increasing. At the rate Louisiana is losing water they will have no wetland in about 200 years.

The Roaring 20s New Jersey

New York City New York: William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, who worked with Thomas Edison, invented the first movie viewer and movie camera. The camera that they invented was called the Kinetograph and the viewer was called a Kinetoscope. The names of these cameras come fro the Greek word kineto which means movement. Him and Edison started the project in 1888 and by 1892 they had their final product. They used a special film called flexible 35-mm from the Eastman company(Kodak). There very first camera looked like a kitchen cabinet. At the beginning the kinetoscope was 4 feet tall. With these tools they had silent movies, but it wasn't until the 1920s that they have motion and sound movies available to see.
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Safe a loaf a week help win the war!

New York City: Major organizations hired artist and designers to create the best propaganda posters. The posters that were made would be shipped to all cities and be hung up in stores and buildings so people would notice them. The United States saw that food was a big part of the war and we had the most of it in the war so that was helping us a lot and also we were gaining money from sharing the food with our allies. During the war only men were aloud to fight so this poster was more pointed towards women that are home. These posters were reminding people while shopping to buy less and so people got less consumption of food because they knew they were helping out the country. The poster would remind people to leave as much of the bread in the store and try to save bread and buy more of other things.
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Rockefeller over the government?!

Cedar Rapids Iowa :This political cartoon was drawn by someone who was very critical with Rockefellers policies. This was drawn when he was at the height of his power and health. In this picture it shows that he is bigger than the supreme court and he is putting money bags in the building. With all the money that Rockefeller had, he had a big influence in the governments decisions. This cartoon was more directed towards the middle class and the poor class. These two classes felt the full impact of Rockefellers force. It shows that no one really benefited from his power and wealth except for himself. The big picture is this cartoon is that he had control over the government. Someone mad this poster because when people saw it, it made them upset and made them hate Rockefeller.

WW1 News Story

Washington D.C: When the United States entered the war in 1917 people bough liberty bonds to help pay for the war. Propaganda was used to advertise patriotism, fear and sympathy. WIB, had the authority to regulate all materials needed in the war effort. One of Hoover's slogans was "Food can win the war". Hoover asked american's to plant vegetables at home in "victory gardens". Harry Garfield promoted fuel conservation in other ways, such as through publicity campaigns calling for "gasless Sunday's" and "heat less Monday's". When the National War Labor Board was in charge it handled some 1,200 acres involving 700,000 workers in less than a year. During the war women put efforts in as well. About 1 million women entered the work force during WW1. The Sedition Act made it illegal for american's to say anything negative about the government, the flag, and the military.


Gilded Age For Sale- The telephone, Contact Alexander Graham Bell, $20.

Gilded Age wanted- Type Writer, Christopher Latham Sholes, $100,

Progressive Service- English Lessons, Immigrants, Contact Settlement House 319-538-4016

WW1 Wanted- Liberty Bonds help pay for war.

WW1 Services- Women's Rights, jobs, good pay, normal lives, equal.

Roaring 20's For Sale- Tickets for sale to see Babe Ruth play.

The Bayonet Constitution Argument!

Honolulu Hawaii: Kalakau was being threatened by Walter Murray Gibson. They were threatening Kalakau because they want him to adopt a new constitution. Kalakau asked his entire cabinet to resign, but they had drawn up a new constitution to their liking. After Kalakau kept getting threatened he got forced to sign the new constitution which reduced him figurehead.

Child Labor

Topeka Kansas: Child Labor was a big issue during this time. Children were not getting educated and had to work because parents couldn't afford to take care of the family off of their income alone. Children that worked, worked 6 days a week, they worked anywhere from 12 hours a day to 18 hours a day. All they got paid in a single week was a dollar. At one point 2 million children were working 50-70 hours a week. What are you going to do about it? Ask your self is this really fair?