The Middle Ages

Indiana Gonzales

Biographical Info

  • William the Conqueror- Duke of Normandy - he lived from 1028-1087 in France- devoted and brave
  • King John- Lackland- he lived from 1166-1216 in England- clever, cruel, and untrustworthy
  • Joan of Arc- Joan of France- she lived in France in 1429- she was valiant and determined

Memorable Moments

  • William the Conqueror- William raised an army - He became the king of England on Christmas day 1066 - “I have persecuted its native inhabitants beyond all reason. Whether gentle or simple, I have cruelly oppressed them; many I unjustly inherited; Innumerable multitudes, especially in the county of York, perished through me by famine or the sword." - He was knighted at the age of 15
  • King John- made three enemies in France, Rome, and nobles- was forced to sign the Magana Carta- "To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
    To throw a perfume on the violet,
    To smooth the ice, or add another hue
    Unto the rainbow, or with taper-light
    To seek the beauteous eye of heaven to garnish,
    Is wasteful and ridiculous excess."- son of Henry II
  • Joan of Arc- Joan inspired the battered troops- led the French to many victories- " One life is all we have and we live it as we believe in living it. But to sacrifice what you are and to live without belief, that is a fate more terrible than dying."- the English tried her as a witch and she was convicted


  • William the Conqueror- Raised an army - He conquered England - He won the backing of the pope
  • King John- He faced 3 powerful enemies - He suffered a setback when he lost a war - His signing of the Magna Carter
  • Joan of Arc- She inspired the battered french troops - She was a 17 year old peasant women who wanted to help her country - She lead the french to several victories
Joan of Arc's (1999) "Making Of" part 1 - historical documentary (English)