Basic First Aid

For Children

Please follow these simple safety tips

Checking an Injured or Ill Child

1. Check for responsiveness

2. Call 9-1-1

3. Open the airway by tilting back the head and lifting the chin

4. Check for breathing for no more than 10 seconds

5. Give two rescue breaths

  • Child: Pinch the nose shut, then make a complete seal over child's mouth
  • Infant: Make a complete seal over the infant's mouth and nose
  • Blow in for about one second to make the chest clearly rise
  • Give rescue breaths, one after the other
6. Quickly scan for severe bleeding

Conscious Choking

1. Give five back blows

  • Bend the child forward at the waist and give five back blows between the shoulder blades with the heel of one hand
2. Give five abdominal thrusts

  • Place a fist with the thumb side against the middle of the child's abdomen, just above the navel
  • Cover your fist with your other hand
  • Give five quick, upward abdominal thrusts
3. Continue Care

  • Continue steps 1 and 2 until the object is forced out, the child can cough forcefully or breathe, or the child becomes unconscious

Unconscious Choking

1. Give rescue breaths

2. Give chest compressions

3. Look for and remove object if seen

4. Give two rescue breaths

CPR

1. Give 30 chest compressions
  • Child: Push about 2 inches deep
  • Infant: Push about 1 1/2 inches deep
  • Push fast, at least 100 compressions per minute
2. Give two rescue breaths
  • Child: Pinch the nose shut, then make a complete seal over the child's mouth
  • Infant: Make a complete seal over the infant's mouth and nose
  • Blow in for about one second to make the chest clearly rise
  • Give rescue breaths, one after the other
3. Do not stop
  • Continue cycles of CPR

Controlling External Bleeding

1. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing

2. Apply Direct Pressure until Bleeding Stops

3. Cover the dressing with bandage

  • Check for circulation beyond the injury (check for feeling, warmth, and color)
4. Apply more pressure and call 9-1-1