My Baby Book

Shachi Hansoti

Baby Book

This baby book will be about the process of development, which can be defined as the changes (physically, socially, emotionally, morally, intellectually) which occur to people as they age.

Table of Contents

Prenatal- page 1


Childhood- pages 2-12


Adolescence- page 13


Adulthood- page 14

Prenatal

1. THE FIRST STAGE OF LIFE: Prenatal Development: Progress Before Birth

1) Germinal Stage= first 2 weeks --- ZYGOTE

- rapid cell division and implantation occurs; the placenta and body systems form


2) Embryonic Stage= 2 weeks- 2 months --- EMBRYO

- clusters of cells begin to take on different functions and essential external and internal structures begin to form


3) Fetal Stage= 2 months - birth --- FETUS

- organs continue to grow and develop; towards the end the fetus should be fully formed and ready to be birthed


During my mom's pregnancy, she felt a sudden gush of fluid. Of course she thought it was time, so she rushed to the hospital excited yet scared. It turned out that she had only peed herself.

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Childhood

2. THE SECOND STAGE OF LIFE: Infancy and Childhood

Reflexes of the NEONATE



  • Grasping/Palmer Reflex:

- trigger: pressing a finger or other object into baby's hand

- response: baby makes a fist and tries to grab object


  • Rooting Reflex:

- trigger: a gentle stroke on the newborn's cheek

- response: baby turns towards the touch with mouth open


  • Suck Reflex:

- trigger: something touching the roof of baby's mouth

- response: baby sucks


  • Swallowing Reflex:

- trigger: pressure on roof of mouth

- response: the baby sucks, then swallows, allowing the two reflexes to work together


  • Babinski Reflex:

- trigger: a gentle stroke on the sole of the foot

- response: foot turns in and toes flare up


  • Moro Reflex:

- trigger: loud noise, sudden movement, or sensation of falling

-response: baby cries and extends legs, arms, and fingers, arches back, then retracts arms and legs


I did the grasping, sucking, swallowing, and grasping reflex.

3. Temperament

Temperament- a person's innate nature that usually affects their behavior



  • 3 basic temperamental styles:

- easy

- slow-to-warm-up

- difficult

- (mixed)


As a baby I was easygoing. I adapted easily and slept on a fairly regular schedule. I also was easily distracted and soothed.

4. Attachment

Attachment- a strong bond between the primary caregivers and the baby



  • I, personally, was most attached to my mom because she was the one who was primarily taking care of me
  • Imprinting- the young coming to recognize another and the "parent"--- This theory would accurately support my attachment to my mom because she took the role of being the one who primarily was there
  • I also formed an attachment to my teddybear which I have still kept to this day.
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5. Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development- the process of acquiring intelligence and the construction of thought processes from childhood to adulthood


Sensorimotor Stage (0-2 years old)


  • children learn mostly through trial and error; initially they are dependent on their reflexes but then behaviors become goal directed

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6. Learning Development

  • My first word was no
  • I said my first words when I was 11 months old.
  • I used to make sounds similar to growling sounds. I did it when I was happy, sad, mad, etc. so no one actually knows what it meant.
  • Telegraphic Speech- a simplified manner of speech in which only the important contextual words are spoken, omitting words that make the sentence grammatically correct
  • I used to say "no go sleep"

7. Physical Development

  • first sat up: 5 months old
  • first tooth coming in: 6 months
  • first steps: 11 months
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8. Preoperational Stage (Ages 2-7)

  • child is able to mentally perceive events and objects
  • When I was a child I was pretty aggressive. I used to bite and hit people all the time. There was one instance where I really wanted to hit my older sister, so I did what any child would do, devised a plan. We were playing with our toys so I asked my sister if she wanted to play with my barbie doll. At first she refused, but after nagging about it and my mom saying, "Shachi never lets you borrow her toys so since she's offering, just take it." As soon as she got a grip of that barbie doll I screamed, "DON'T TOUCH MY TOYS" and began hitting her.
  • During this time, I was in love with all of my barbie dolls. I believe it helped with my cognitive development because I began to perceive different stories and whatnot regarding the life of the dolls.

9. Concrete Operational Stage (Ages 7-11)

  • ability to use logical thoughts but only when applied to physical objects

10. Zone of Proximal Development

Lev Vygotsky's Theory of the Zone of Proximal Development- "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (in the words of Vygotsky himself)

11. Formal Operational Stage (Ages 12 & up)

  • child is able to think in abstract manners, combine and classify items in a more sophisticated way, and has the capacity for higher-order reasoning
  • Adolescent Egocentrism: inability to distinguish between their perception of what other think of them and what people think in reality


  • Personal Fable- believing that they are the center of attention

  • Imaginary Audience- the individual imagines/believes that everyone is enthusiastically listening or watching them

12. Parenting Style

  • Authoritarian- strict rules and expectations; demanding but not responsive; don't express much nurturing or affection; utilize punishment with little or no reasoning; don't give children choices or options
  • Permissive (Laissez-Faire)- few rules and standard for behavior; if there are rules, they are often inconsistent; nurturing and loving; seem more like a friend as opposed to a parent; may use bribery as a means to get child to behave
  • Authoritative (Democratic)- listens to children; encourage independence; places limits- consequences and expectations of behavior; expresses warmth and nurturance; allows child to express opinion; encourage child to discuss options; administer fair and consistent discipline




  • I personally believe that the authoritative parenting style is the best because it allows for the child to learn morals directly and earlier in life
  • My parents uses the authoritative parenting style. This has allowed me to become independent at a faster pace and has entitled me to learn wrong from write at an earlier age

Adolescence

13. Personality Development

  • Identity vs Role confusion (age 13-18)- teens begin to feel insecure and confused so they explore possibilities in order to "find themselves" and find a sense of direction in their lives
  • Intimacy vs Isolation (18-30)- major conflict centers around forming intimate, loving relationships with others

Adulthood

14. Stages of Personality Development

  • Generativity vs Stagnation (Middle adulthood: 40s-50s)- adults strive to create or nurture things that will outlast them
  • Integrity vs Despair (Old age: 60s & up)- people reflect on the lives they have lived and come away with either a feeling of fulfillment or a sense of regret