Declaration of Independence

1776 document written by Thomas Jefferson outlining reasons for the colonies wanting to be free.

U.S. Constitution

A document written by delegates at the Constitutional Convention that established a national government in the United States.

Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution

Benjamin Rush

1745?- 1813 patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence

John Hancock

Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.

John jay

American delegate who signed Treaty of Paris; New York lawyer and diplomat who negotiated with Britain and Spain on behalf of the Confederation

John Witherspoon

American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence

John Peter Muhlenberg

an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War

Charles Carroll

Signer of the Declaration of Independence who showed patriotism at the time of the Revolutionary War

Johnathan Trumbull Sr.

the first person to serve as governor of state before and after Revolutionary War

Transcontinental Railroad connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US

Homestead Act

1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.

Klondike Gold Rush

a frenzy of gold rush immigration to and for gold prospecting, along the Klondike River

American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924

law granted immediate U.S. citizenship to all Native American Indians born in the United States.

political machine

A vote-gathering organization of politicians who loyally support a party boss


1880's political movement favoring nationalizing banks and railroads to protect farms and rural towns from the private power and corruption of big companies


Caused a shift from an economy based on farming to an economy based on manufacturing by machines in large factories... industrialization