The United States Constitution

By: Marc and Ashley Harris

Big image

Preamble

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessing of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Article I

Section 1


All legislative Powers granted should be settled in a Congress of the United States and should consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.


Section 2


The office and members held in The House of Representatives should be chosen every second Year by the people of the several states. Electors in each State must have qualification requisite to run. No person should be a Representative who is not of the age of 25 years, and has been a Citizen of the United States for at least 7 years. Representatives and direct Taxes should be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers determined by adding to the whole number of free people. The actual Enumeration should be made within 3 years after the first meeting of the Congress and the United States, within every subsequent Term of ten Years. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, Executive Authority should issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.


Section 3


The Senate of the United States should be composed of two Senators form each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six years. No person should be a Senator who should not have attained to the age of 30 years old or older and has been a US Citizen for 9 years. The Vice President of the United States should be President of the Senate, but should have no vote unless they are equally divided. The Senate should have the sole power to try all, Judgment in Cases of Impeachment should not extend further than to removal from Office.


Section 4


The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives should be prescribed in each State by the Legislature. The Congress may at any time make law or alter such regulations. The Congress should assemble at least once in every year.


Section 5


Each House should be the Judge of the Elections, Return and Qualifications of its own Members. Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, and punish its Members for disorderly Behavior. Each House should keep a journal of its proceedings. Neither House during the Session of Congress should without the consent of the other.


Section 6


The Senators and Representatives should receive compensation for their services to be ascertained by law. No Senator or Representative should be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States. No person holding any office under the United States should be a member of either House during his Continuance in Office.


Section 7


All Bills for raising Revenue should originate the House of representative. Every Bill which should have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate should be presented to the President of the United States.


Section 8


The Congress should have the power to lay and collect taxes, to borrow money on the credit of the United States, To regulate Commerce, to establish a uniform rule, to coin money regulation, to provide for the punishment, to promote and establish office, to constitute tribunals, to establish post offices, to promote progress, to define and punish, to declare war, and to raise support armies.


Section 9


The Migration or Importation of such person as any of the States now existing should think proper to admit. A writ of baeas corpus issued by a judge requires a law official to bring a prisoner to court and show cause for holding the prisoner. No capitation, no tax duty, no preference, no money, and no title of nobility shall be granted.


Section 10


No State shall enter into any treaty or alliance, and no state shall without consent lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports. No sate without the Consent of Congress should lay and duty Tonnage.

Article II

Section I


The executive Power should be vested in a President of the United States of America. He should hold his Office for a term of of 4 Years, and together with the Vice. Each State should appoint in such Manner. Creation of an executive branch to carry out laws passed by congress. The Twelve Amendment requires that the electors case separate ballots for president and vice president. The presidents current salary is $400,000 plus $50,000 nontaxable expense.


Section II


The President should be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States. He (meaning the President) should have Power, by and with that Advice and Consent of the Senate. -- An executive order is a command issued by president to exercise a power which he has been given by the US Constitution or by a federal statute. In times of emergency, Presidents sometimes have used the executive order to override the Constitutional aspects.


Section III

The President should form time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, ad recommend to their Consideration. The President shall think proper. he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper, he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers.


Section IIII


The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or Other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

Article III

Section I


The judicial Power of the United States, should be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, should hold their offices during good Behavior and should at stated times receive for their services.


Section II


A Court with "original jurisdiction" has the authority to be the first court to hear a case, The Supreme Court has "appellate jurisdiction" and mostly hears cases appealed form lower courts.


Section III


Treason against the United States, should consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their enemies. Give aid and comfort, no person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses. The Congress should have power to declare.