Sri Lanka

A Beatiful Asian Contry

Location

Sri Lanka is country located off the southern coast of India in South Asia. The capital of Sri Lanka is Colombo.

People

Lots of Sri Lanka people live around the center and southwest area. About three quarters live in rural areas. Sinhala and Tamil are the two national languages. Around six percent of Sri Lankans are Christians and seven percent are Muslims.

Geography

Sri Lanka is an island nation and is in the Indian Ocean. It is only separated from India by a narrow straight. Sri Lanka is about the size of Tasmania in Australia. The climate stays warm around the whole year with an average of 30 degrees Celsius. The northern area of the island is flat and has some rolling plains but the south area of the island varies from hilly to mountains. It rains in the southwest area mainly in May to August but it mainly rains in the northeast in October to January.

Living Conditions

Sri Lanka has made impressive progress in decreasing child death but unfortunately lots of families still live in poverty. Some children are immunised against killer diseases such as the mealsles and pollo. Many are ill because of contaminated water spread by mosquitoes.

Sri Lanka Wildlife

Sri Lanka is a small island but it has lots of wildlife. Some examples of wildlife is the Asian elephant and leopard. Sri Lanka has approximately 171 species of reptiles, rearing 250 species of butterflies and more than 40 bird species.

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Education

90 percent of Sri Lankan adults can read and write. Enrollment rates are high for both girls and boys at primary and secondary levels. The scholling is fee but not many parents can afford book and stationery. Some children miss out on school because they have to work on their farm or in the fields. Some schools and universitieshave to be closed from time to time due to conflict.

History

The Portuguese Dutch and the British took it in turns to invade the island between 1505 and 1948. In 1972 the island was officially named Sri Lanka meaning resplendent island.The Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 devastated Sri Lanka’s coastline, killing more than 30,000 people and leaving approximately 450,000 people displaced. Lots of these people retured to their homes. A 26-year long civil war between the government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended in May 2009. The final stages of the war displaced nearly 300,000 people

who have now returned to their places of origin after enduring multiple displacements and several months living in displacement camps.


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