By Alison Peterson
5 Pillars of Islam
Each pillar has a different meaning. The first one means belief, no other god but Allah. The second one means prayer means you have to perform proper prayers 5x a day. The third one means charity, meaning you have to donate money to the poor. The fourth one is fasting and that's where you don't eat or drink during the day through the whole month of Ramadan (their holy month). The fifth and last one is pilgrimage where you have to go to Makkah at least once in your lifetime.
Split in Islam
People didn't know what to do after Muhammad died. People questioned the succession in their religion. Abu Bakr was chosen as caliph and under his rule, Arabs began to conquer lands that were close to them to become the Arab empire. After Abu Bakr, Ali was chosen as caliph in 656 A.D. but sadly got assassinated. Then the split occurs over which successor is true caliph.
The Franks and the Muslims were involved in this Battle of tours. This happened at West-central France. What happened there was that the Muslim governor told his troops to get more land in Spain. But the Christians fought back but sadly lost their first battle. Then they won the second round and the Muslims went back to Spain.