The father of American Independence
How did Samuel Adams become a great leader? How did this make him a rebel?
Rebelling against the King
He is considered by many historians to be the first American to come up with the idea of Independence in 1745. He then published a newspaper called The Independent Advertiser stressing that we should seek Independence from Britain. This became a popular newspaper for the Bostonians. He was hanging (dummies) of tax collectors and British government officials from Liberty Tree, and by doing so he rallied colonists. They realized that we can actually do this, that this is possible.
Sons of Liberty
The American Revolution
The Revolution started on April 19, 1775 with the battle of Lexington and Concord. It was known as the shot heard around the world. This forced our founding fathers, one of them being Samuel Adams, to adopt the Declaration of Independence. This document basically told Britain that we wanted to be our own country, and that we're parting ways with you. They gave very good reasons such as the British government taking away the colonists unalienable rights, and taxation without representation. Samuel signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. America ended up winning the war, and we got our freedom. Samuel later went on to work in the Massachusetts government.
- cousin of John Adams
- In 1747 he was the clerk of Boston market
- in 1748 he founded a weekly newspaper called The Independent Advertiser stressing that we should seek independence from Britain.
- In 1756 he was elected tax collector, and at the end of his job he owed 8,000 dollars because he often "forgot" to collect the taxes.
- Tried to start his on brewery, but it quickly failed.
- He was given 2,000 dollars by his dad to quick start a company. However, Samuel gave most of it to a friend and failed at that too.
- He had 6 children and his first wife was Elizabeth checkley.
- He was a strong abolitionist, and when he was given a slave as a wedding present, he gave the woman (Lurry) her freedom and she worked around the Adam household the rest of her life.
- Elizabeth Checkley died in 1758, and so he re-married Elizabeth Wells in 1764.
- He died on October 2, 1803 from Illness, he was 81.
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