The Taiga Biome

World's Largest Biome

What is the Taiga Biome?

Taiga, from the Russian word for forest, is a coniferous forest that will make a great place for your next vacation. Due to their large size, availability is not an issue. These forests extend over much of far northern America, and all across northern Europe and Russia. Often, Taiga will be filled with lakes and pond, which provide truly beautiful sights. The lakes formed because the area was once covered in glaciers. As the glaciers receded, they carved into the surrounding rock. The are carved out would later become the lakes and ponds.

Amazing Life in the Taiga!


The major producers of the taiga are conifers and evergreens. These are very pretty trees, and no matter what season you visit in, they will be in season, as they never lose their leaves. The reason that the types of producers are so limited is because the soil is highly acidic, due in large part to the needles of the trees in the area. When they fall, their high acid content is passed into the soil.

primary consumers

The taiga has the largest average size for primary consumers, making for some spectacular sights. The two major types of primary consumers in the taiga are small ground animals, like squirrels and rabbits, and large hoofed animals, such as elk and moose.

secondary consumers

The wide diversity of secondary consumers in the taiga means there is never a dull moment. Wolves, foxes, and birds of prey make up much of the secondary level of consumption.

tertiary consumers

There are 2 main types of tertiary consumers; hawks and bears. These majestic beasts are found almost anywhere throughout the taiga, from North America to Russia. The main types in North America are the Red Tailed Hawk and the Black (or american) Bear.
Big image

Wonderful Weather!

Due to the wide location range of boreal forests, weather varies greatly. In the Russian forests, winter nights can get down to -70*F. Summers in North America can easily reach temperatures of 100*F. This makes taigas perfect for all types of visitors.
Big image


Big image

Evergreen Adaptation

The trees of the taiga have adapted to become evergreens so that they can maximize photosynthesis during the short period of spring.
Big image

Grey Wolf Tactics

One of the most interesting physiological adaptations is the grey wolf's hunting tactics. Due to the nature of their prey, they have adapted very advanced plans for killing their prey.

Human Interactions


While there are not many major cities in the taiga, it is still a forest, and human need the wood. Thus, deforestation is the largest threat that taiga face.


Human mining in the area, mainly for valuable ores, can also threaten the habitat and quality of life of nearby organisms.


Mattei, Pizalli I. Eniscuola. Ed. Pizzale I. Mattei. Italian Ministry of Education, 1 July 2010. Web. 29 Jan. 2016.

Small, George, Kathryn Style, and Sarah Tain. "Taiga Biome." Taiga Biome. Ed. George Small. N.p., 12 Sept. 2012. Web. 29 Jan. 2016

"Taiga Biome."
Animal Facts and Information RSS. Biome Expedition, 2013. Web. 01 May 2013

Beauchle, Mollicon D., R. "Introduction. The Boreal Forest and Global Change."
Introduction. The Boreal Forest and Global Change. Philosophical
Transactions of The Royal Society, 12 July 2008. Web. 30 Apr. 2013.