History of China

By: Zoe R. an Jihyeon P.

Deng Xiaoping

  • He was born on August 22, 1904 in Guang'an, China
  • He died on February 19, 1997
  • He became a paramount leader of China in 1978
  • He was attacked by Mao Zedong supporters, he went into hiding and came back in 1973.
  • He was sponsored by Zhou Enlai as deputy premier.
  • He went back and forth between leaders. He explained his struggle for control of the party and government after Mao Zedong's death.
  • After Zedong's death he continued his work in the government
  • He helped out society and established the "One Child Policy" in China.
  • He gave the freedom for producers to control their own profits.
  • He made China more towards a Market Economy, but it is still a command economy today.

Four Modernizations

  • These were ways to be "De-Maoization."
  • After Mao's death, Zhou Enlai created the four modernization's to fix all of the mess that Mao had left behind.
  • Class struggle no longer became the central focus.
  • Progress in:
  • Agriculture
  • Industry
  • Science
  • and Defense

Tiananmen Square Massacre

  • Happened in 1989.
  • The Chinese citizens wanted more democracy.
  • People protested and the government tried to push them back down.
  • There were times when one person would fight and protest against the government in front of the government army.
  • The news spread quickly and went viral in media.
  • During the massacre the people bought a statue that was "The Goddess of Democracy."
  • The army set troops with their tanks and crushed anyone in their way.
  • The number of deaths is not certain, but about 7000 people were badly injured.
  • Today China has democracy than before and is starting to move towards a Market Economy.