The Harlem Renaissance
William H Johnson
James Weldon Johnson
- He had found the Universal Negro Improvement Association, or UNIA.
- Garvey believed that African Americans could and should look out for their own interests, without involvement from whites.
- African American pride and self-confidence. He felt that the NAACP goal of breaking down the barriers between blacks and whites threatened the racial purity of Africans.
- Garvey went to prison in 1925. When he was released in 1927 he was forced to leave the country