giant pandas

by zoey

giant pandas

High in dense bamboo forests in the misty, rainy mountains of southwestern China lives one of the world's rarest mammals: the giant panda, also called the panda. Only about 1,000 of these black-and-white relatives of bears survive in the wild. Pandas eat almost nothing but bamboo shoots and leaves.


Eat

Occasionally they eat other vegetation, fish, or small animals, but bamboo accounts for 99 percent of their diets. Pandas eat fast, they eat a lot, and they spend about 12 hours a day doing it.


giant panda

The reason: They digest only about a fifth of what they eat. Overall, bamboo is not very nutritious. The shoots and leaves are the most valuable parts of the plants, so that's what a well-fed panda concentrates on eating. To stay healthy, they have to eat a lot—up to 15 percent of their body weight in 12 hours—so they eat fast.


Pandas' molars are very broad and flat. The shape of these teeth helps the animals crush the bamboo shoots, leaves, and stems they eat. To get the bamboo to their mouths, they hold the stems with their front paws, which have enlarged wrist bones that act as thumbs for gripping.


There are many species of bamboo. Only a few of these grow at the high altitudes where pandas live today. A panda should have at least two bamboo species where it lives, or it will starve. Giant pandas used to be able to move quite easily from one mountaintop to another in search of food. Now the valleys are mostly inhabited by people.



Pandas are shy; they don't venture into areas where people live. This restricts pandas to very limited areas. As people continue to farm, log, and develop land higher and higher up the mountain slopes, the pandas' habitat continues to shrink.



Funny Panda ...
Sometimes when all the bamboo in their area dies off naturally, pandas starve because they're unable to move to new areas where other bamboo species thrive.


Conservation organizations and Chinese government officials and scientists continue to work toward resolving the pandas' isolation problems. Maintaining bamboo corridors—strips of undisturbed land through which pandas can comfortably travel from mountain to mountain—are one of the many ideas that may help save the giant panda.


Fast Facts

There are probably only about 1,000 giant pandas left in the wild. They are classified as an endangered species.


In addition to 1,000 giant pandas in the wild, there about 127 in captivity. Giant pandas live in zoos in China, the United States, Mexico, Japan, Germany, and North Korea.


Giant pandas may live to be up to 30 years old in captivity.


After the age of six, female giant pandas begin to have cubs.


Female pandas give birth to one or two cubs every two years. A cub nurses for about four months and then begins to nibble on bamboo. By the age of six months, it no longer nurses.


Giant pandas are generally solitary. Males and females come together briefly to mate.


Young pandas stay with their mothers for up to 18 months.


Giant pandas weigh between 165 and 300 pounds (75 and 136 kilograms).


Giant pandas used to range throughout southern and eastern China, Myanmar, and north Vietnam. Now they are found only in a small part of China.


Habitat loss caused by logging is the largest threat to giant pandas today.



he Chinese name for panda is daxiongmao, which means "large bear-cat."


Newborn pandas weigh only 3 to 4 ounces (85 to 113 grams)—1/900th of what their mother weighs.


Giant pandas are found in the wild only in mountainous bamboo forests of southwestern China.


The scientific name for the giant panda is Ailuropoda melanoleuca.