On the morning of Sunday 30 January 1972, estimated of ten thousand people gathered in Londonderry for a civil rights protest. The British Army had blocked off the original route so the marchers led most of the protesters down towards 'Free Derry Corner' in the nationalist Bogside area of the city. A number of protesters continued on towards an army barricade where the youths threw stones at soldiers, who responded with a water cannon, CS gas and rubber bullets. As the riot was beginning to settle down, soldiers of the 1st Parachute Regiment were told to move in and arrest as many of the protesters as they possibly can. In the minutes that followed, some of these paratroopers started shooting at the crowd, killing thirteen men and injuring 13 others, one of whom died some months later. The dead were all male, aged between seventeen and forty-one. A man aged fifty-nine, died some months later from injuries sustained on that day. Not just man and women was being shot at, kids was also being shot.

Most of them were killed in four main areas: the rubble barricade across Rossville Street, the courtyard car park of Rossville Flats, the courtyard car park of Glenfada Park, and the forecourt of Rossville Flats. All of the soldiers did not hesitate to shoot. They had shot at, and hit, gunmen or bomb-throwers. The Saville Report concluded that all of those shot were unarmed and that none were posing a serious threat. It also concluded that none of the soldiers fired in response to attacks, or threatened attacks, by gunmen or bomb-throwers.