Thyroid Cancer

By Nick Garcia and Matt Zifchak

What is thyroid cancer?

Thyroid Cancer is a cancer which causes the uncontrollable growth of cells in the Thyroid Gland that causes a tumor.

The Thyroid Gland is a large ductless gland in the neck that secretes hormones regulating growth and development through the rate of metabolism.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms from thyroid cancer may consist of:

  • hoarse voice
  • neck pain
  • enlarged lymph nodes
Most of the time thyroid nodules are harmless. Some patients may experience a tight feeling in the neck or have a hard time swallowing or breathing.

How prevalent is thyroid cancer?

-Thyroid cancer is rare

-There was only about 13.5 per 100,000 new cases of thyroid cancer.

-Only about 1% of people get thyroid cancer in their lifetime

How is it diagnosed?

-physician examines area of thyroid with suspected cancer or if there is a lump present

-Physicians use tests to find out if cancer is benign or malignant

-TSH test checks the function of the thyroid gland

What are the causes?

The main cause of Thyroid Cancer is unknown. Some possible causes of Thyroid Cancer include:

  • family history of goiter
  • exposure to high levels of radiation
  • certain hereditary syndromes

What happens at the cellular and molecular level?

-lump can develop

-abnormal cells grow on thyroid gland

What are the treatments? What are the cures?

-most treatments are successful

-some treatment options include chemo, surgery, and radioactive iodine

-neck dissection and radiation therapy are other common treatments

Nancy's Story - Thyroid Cancer Survivor


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  • Cherath, Lata, Kulbir Rangi, and Melinda Oberleitner. "Thyroid cancer." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2015. Science in Context. Web. 20 Dec. 2015.

  • "Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program." Cancer of the Thyroid. National Cancer Institute. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.

  • "Thyroid Cancer." 10 Nov. 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015. <>.

  • "Thyroid Cancer Treatment." National Cancer Institute. National Cancer Institute. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.