Hitler and Nazi Germany

By: Sydney Pickett and Heather Jordan

Natzi Germany

In 1933 to about 1945, Germany experienced a time where a dictator named Adolf Hitler came into power. At this time, Germany became known as Nazi Germany. Germany changed from a republic to a dictatorship under his rule. Antisemitism and racism were the main practices of Hitler and his National Socialist German Worker’s Party. He acquired a strong army and group of supporters. He began discriminating against homosexuals, gypsies, the mentally ill, and mainly the Jewish. They were imprisoned, sent to labor camps, and often mass murdered. This time period became known as The Holocaust.

Germany invaded Poland on the first of September, 1939. War was declared on Germany two days later by the United Kingdom and France. During the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler resided underground while the Red Army approached Berlin.

Nazi Germany was a mixed economy. It combined free market and central planning practices. It was somewhere between the command economy of the Soviet Union and the system of capitalist in the United States.

Adolf Hitler

Hitler was born in Austria in 1889, and rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party.He served as a dictator from 1934-1945 and his policies affected with World War II and the Holocaust. Hitler was born in Branau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889. He was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. When Hitler was 3 years old, the family moved from Austria to Germany. It is said that he didn’t get along with his father, as for they didn't see eye to eye on many things. Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice, and was rejected both times. Out of money, he moved into a homeless shelter, where he remained for several years. He applied to be in the German army, and was accepted in August 1914.

The Great Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. In 1932, Hitler ran against Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election. The election established Hitler as a strong force in German politics. Hindenburg agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor in order to promote political balance. Hitler achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government. Hitler and his political allies embarked on a systematic suppression of the remaining political opposition. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. On July 14, 1933, Hitler's Nazi Party was declared the only legal political party in Germany. Hindenburg’s death occurred in August 1934, Hitler then became head of state as well as head of government, and was formally named as leader and chancellor. As head of state, Hitler became supreme commander of the armed forces. He began to mobilize for war. Germany withdrew from the League of Nations, and Hitler announced a massive expansion of Germany’s armed forces. Now having complete authority, Hitler invaded 39 countries and began WW2 with the other nations of Europe, England and the United States. He wanted world domination as the leader of Germany. He killed millions of people in his death camps and gas chambers.

Bibiography

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Essential questions

1. Although Hitler is known for his evil ways of leading a country, he still managed to achieve a lot from his wild values of leadership. Would Hitler be considered a successful leader?


2. Would you consider the people that were supporting Hitler in Nazi Germany to be brainwashed by his leadership? Please elaborate your opinion.