Gabriela and Kayelee: 8th Period

How oil is formed

Oil is formed from the remains of small animals and plants that died and fell to the bottom of the sea. Their remains covered by mud. As the sediment was buried buy more sediment, it started to change into a rock as the temperature and pressure increased.

How oil is used

Oil is used for transportation fuels, electricity and heating generation, asphalt and road oil, and the feedstocks used to make chemicals, plastics, and synthetic materials found in nearly everything we use today.

Nonrenewable or Renewable

Oil is nonrenewable: Coal, crude oil, and natural gas are all considered fossil fuels because they were formed millions of years ago.

Where oil is found most abundantly

Oil is most abundantly in Saudi Arabia, they produced 10,521 thousand barrels per year.


Oil has one of the highest energy densities which means that a small amount of oil can produce a large amount of energy. Oil is widely distributed in almost all parts of the world . Besides transportation, oil is a critical component in a wide variety of other industries. Oil is not very difficult to produce though most of the low cost locations have already been depleted.


One of the biggest disadvantages of oil is that it releases carbon dioxide. Oil spills have caused massive pollution of water bodies as massive oil supertankers lead oil. Oil is drilled in some of the worst dictatorships like Saudi Arabia, African countries. Oil plants emit harmful substances such as sulfur dioxide which cause health hazards among the surrounding population.

Are There Any Harmful Effects To The Earth During The Process Of Collecting Oil

There are NO harmful effects to the Earth during the process of collecting oil. Oil is inside of rocks. Oil is made from microbes that are in oceans that lived and died. So, therefore there are NO harmful effects to the Earth.