Nuclear Power is a foe
By Kaitlyn L.
The 2 types of power plants and how they work
The 2nd type of power plants
In both generators the steam is turned back into water and can be used again in the process. Also both generators use uranium to heat up the water.
Uranium transportation, radiation, and waste disposal
Dangers of nuclear power plants
- If a breakdown were to occur and radioactive material was released it has the potential to kill cells and cause DNA mutations.
- Radioactive iodine can be absorbed by the thyroid gland and cause thyroid cancer. Children at the most risk of getting thyroid cancer after exposure to radioactive material because their thyroid glands are 10 times smaller than those of an adults so the radioactive iodine would be more concentrated in them. In following years the incidence of thyroid cancer among those exposed as children increased in Ukraine and in near by countries showed up between 4 and 10 years after the incident. Even though radioactive is short-lived and is only around for about 2 months it is still dangerous to anyone who lives near a nuclear power plant when it breaks down.
- Radioactive cesium can stay in the environment for more than a century but does not concentrate in one part of the body like radioactive iodine does.
- Natural disasters can cause dangers to nuclear power plants.Earthquakes and tunamis have been known to distroy nuclear power plants.
Examples of nuclear disasters
Chalk River- December 12, 1952
opened the changed pressure caused controle rods to partially come out of the reactor. Safty measures were attempted but a wrong button was pushed. Power output in the reactor increased and the lid blew off. Large amounts of water contaminated with radioactive waste leaked into facility. Crews came in to the contain and clean up the radioactive material.
Mayak Plutonium Facility- September 29, 1957
Windscale Nuclear Power Plant- October 10, 1957
Lubmin Nuclear Power Plant- December 7, 1975
Three Mile Island- March 28, 1979
Women and small children were evacuated from the area for health concerns. Today there are studies investigating the increased cancer and thyroid problems and infant mortality that occurred at the time. Health risks are still debated but new research is beginning to show the real dangers of radiation contamination.
Chernobyl- April 26, 1986
Tokaimura, Japan- Sptember 10,1999
Fukushima- March 11, 2011
Quotes about nuclear power
- "Every dollar spent on nuclear is one dollar less spent on clean renewable energy and one more dollar spent on making the world a comparatively dirtier and a more dangerous place, because nuclear power and nuclear weapons go hand in hand." Mark Z. Jacobson
- "Once presented, the fact will speak for themselves." -Helen Caldicott
- "It's ridiculous that time and time again we need a radioactive cloud coming out of a nuclear power-station to remind us that atomic energy is extraordinarily dangerous."- Pierre Schaeffer
- “The best way to solve any problem is to remove its cause.”- Martin Luther King
- "There is not the slightest indication the (nuclear) energy will ever be obtainable"- Albert Einstein
- Japan Raises Nuclear Alert Level To Seven. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 4 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/115_3840650/1/115_3840650/cite
- Worker checks radiation levels during Three Mile Island mishap: Terrorists learned from it.. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 4 Dec 2015.
- Chernobyl nuclear power station. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 4 Dec 2015.
- Piglet born deformed due to Chernobyl fallout.. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 4 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/132_1307457/1/132_1307457/cite
- Canada Deuterium Uranium reactor. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 1 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/309_1156251/1/309_1156251/cite
- Aerial view of Chernobyl soon after the accident.. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 1 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/132_1302827/1/132_1302827/cite
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