Five Facts

  • The NAACP is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization.
  • The membership grew rapidly ranging from around 9,000 in 1917 to around 90,000 in 1919.
  • There were more than 300 local branches within the NAACP.
  • One of the founders, Joel Spingarn, was a professor of literature.
  • Du Bois was the only African American in the organization's executives and was made the director of publications and research.
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NAACP Information

The NAACP stands for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It was founded on February 12, 1909 after the violence that was caused against African Americans during the race riot in Springfield. The mission of the NAACP is to ensure the equality right of all people including political, educational, social, and economic rights. By 1913, the NAACP had expanded to many cities throughout the United States. The organization had around 90,000 by 1919 and was still growing. It's membership grew a great amount in the 1940's and had around 600,000 members in 1946.

This organization worked to prevent the discrimination that was occurring because of a person's race. Not only did this organization work to make the public aware of the effects of racial discrimination, they also worked to educate citizens of their civil rights. The organization worked towards that creation of laws that would protect the civil rights of the people in the United States. As the organization continued to grow, it's funds were about to help economically, especially throughout the Great Depression.

Two Relations

Martin Luther King was the head of the NAACP branch in Atlanta. This organization was already one of the largest civil rights movement at the time of his son Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birth. He later formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) that worked in collaboration with the NAACP in campaigning for civil rights.

The NAACP relates to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) because they were both organizations that worked towards gaining civil rights. They both participated in campaigns to try to gain these rights back for the African Americans. They protested in nonviolence by civil disobedience, sit ins, and boycotts. An example of this type of protest would be the Freedom Riders.