Emergence Of Japan&The Feudal Age

Sierra Paul and Kaitlyn Russell

Vocabulary

  • Archipelago- The chain of Islands
  • Tsunamis- Underwater earthquakes can launch killer tidal waves
  • Shinto-"The way of Kami"; Worship of the forces of nature
  • Selective Borrowing- Adopting or adapting some cultural traits but discarding others
  • Kana- Phonetic symbols representing syllables
  • Samurai- "Those who serve"; Granted land to lesser warriors
  • Bushido- "The way of warriors"; Code of values
  • Zen- Practice of meditation; School of Buddhism in Japan

Geography Sets Japan Apart

Seas Protect Japan

  • Japan is located on an archipelago, which is a chain of islands.
  • Most people settled in narrow river valleys and along the coastal plain.
  • Mild climate and sufficient rainfall which helped Japanese farmers make the most of the limited arable land.
  • Surrounding seas protect and isolate Japan.
  • Japanese sealed themselves off from foreign influences.
Forces of Nature

  • Japanese came to fear and respect the dramatic forces of Nature.
  • Japan lies in a region known as The Ring of Fire.
  • Frequent volcanic activity, earthquakes,Tsunamis.

Early Traditions

The Yamato Clan Claims Power

  • Japanese migrated from the Asian mainland more than 2000 years ago.
  • Early Japanese society was divided into Uji, or clans.
  • Each Uji had its own chief and a special God or Goddess.
  • The current Japanese Emperor still traces his roots to the Yamato clan.
A Religion of Nature

  • Early Japanese clans honored Kami, or superior powers that were natural or divine.
  • Shinto became known as the way of kami.
  • Traditions survive to the present day in Japan.
  • Located in beautiful, natural surroundings.
The Korean Connection
  • Japanese language is distantly related to Korean but completely different.
  • Japan and Korea were in continuous contact with each other.
  • Japanese and Korean warriors crossed the sea in both directions to attack each other's strongholds.
  • Chinese writing and culture that sparked a sustained period of Japanese interest in Chinese civilization.

Japan Looks To China

The Japanese Visit China

  • Each visitor spent a year or more there--Negotiating, trading above all studying.
  • Japanese rulers adopted the title "Heavenly Emperor", claimed absolute power.
  • New bureaucracy and adopted a law code similar to that of China.
  • Had little real authority beyond the royal court.
  • The Japanese Emperor built a new capital at Nara.
  • Japanese officials and scholars used Chinese characters to write official histories.
  • Japanese adopted pagoda and architecture.