Indigenous Australians

Warlpiri

Introduction

The Warlpiri are a group of indigenous Australians , many of whom speak the Warlpiri language. There are 5,000-6,000 warlpiri, living mostly in a few towns and settlements scattered through their traditional land in Australia & Northern Territory, north and west of Alice springs.

Location

Warlpiri is located east of Northern Territory and Western Australia's border in the Tanami desert. The Warlpiri people live in settlements scattered throughout their traditional land as well as in Alice Springs. The main communities in Warlpiri are Yuendumu, Lajamanu, Nyirrpi and Willowra.

History

Warlpiri people first came into contact with non-Aboriginal Australia in the late nineteenth century. By the time that the Warlpiri people finally came out of the bushland, the missionary movement was coming to an end, it was replaced by a community, that would give Warlpiri people a real homeland. With the later outstation movement of the 1980s and 1990s many Warlpiri people moved to small communities where they could be near their own traditional land. At that time, small communities like Nyirrpi were set up.

Warlpiri Tradition

Warlpiri are famous because of their tribal dances. A number of Warlpiri people have toured England, Japan and most recently Russia performing their dances.

Diet

The Warlpiri lived by hunting and gathering. their diet was roots, fruits, Vegetables, grass, seeds trees, lizards and small marsupials. Tasks are organized along gender and age lines within the household. Women gather up vegetable foods and small game while men concentrate on hunting small and large game.

Language

The Warlpiri language is a member of the group known as the Yapa languages. The name Yapa comes from the word "Aboriginal person" in most of the languages, its closest relative is Warlmanpa.

By: Ngakim Phan & Charmaine Le