Warlpiri is located east of Northern Territory and Western Australia's border in the Tanami desert. The Warlpiri people live in settlements scattered throughout their traditional land as well as in Alice Springs. The main communities in Warlpiri are Yuendumu, Lajamanu, Nyirrpi and Willowra.
Warlpiri people first came into contact with non-Aboriginal Australia in the late nineteenth century. By the time that the Warlpiri people finally came out of the bushland, the missionary movement was coming to an end, it was replaced by a community, that would give Warlpiri people a real homeland. With the later outstation movement of the 1980s and 1990s many Warlpiri people moved to small communities where they could be near their own traditional land. At that time, small communities like Nyirrpi were set up.