Jackson Era Project

By Elissa Brown

Election of 1824

-Up against:

William H. Crawford (Republican party)

Henry Clay (Kentucky)

John Quincy Adams (John Adams' son)

Nobody received majority so it was sent to House of Reps


-Corrupt Bargain:

Between Henry Clay and John Q. Adams

Clay threw his votes to Adams

Adams was to make Clay secretary of state

(Next in line to be president)


-Effect:

People didn't like John Q. Adams' ideas because they were mad at him

Political party was called the Democratic Republicans (Against Adams)

Jackson was clearly going to be the next president

Election of 1828

-Up Against/ Winner

John Quincy Adams vs. Andrew Jackson

Political parties:

National Republicans (Adams)

Democratic Republicans (Jackson)

Jackson won easily

Electoral votes: 178-83

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Indian Removal Act

-Background Info:

In May 1830

Jackson wanted the Indians' land for farming

Indians gave up their land for their "own land" from the gov't (Oklahoma)

Also known as Trail of Tears


-Effects:

The Indians chose to take the issue to American court (Worcester v. Georgia)

In 1832

Question: Does Georgia have the right to interfere with the Indians?

Answer: No. Congress ruled in favor of the Indians, so they should've been left alone

Jackson was unhappy

So he sent the army to run them off

Affected Seminole, Choctaw, CHEROKEE, Chickasaw, and Creek

Over 4,000 Native Americans died

Americans expanded into their former territory

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Second National Bank

-Background Info:

Jackson thought it only benefited wealthy people

He publicly disliked it (common man)

He told the public that he was worried about paper vs. hard money

Eventually the people sided with him

-So....

The bank's president had to apply for a new charter periodically

Jackson vetoed it and took out all the government's money

He put it into state banks

This started a panic

(Everyone took out their money)
Bank didn't have any money to deal with

Shut down in 1836

Webster-Hayne Debate/ Nullification Crisis

-Background Info:

Europe exported farming supplies not available in the U.S.

Congress passed high tariffs on European goods

Northern manufacturers were benefited: their goods were bought in the U.S.

It hurt the South, helped the North




-Effects:

The South was unhappy, threatened to nullify* the law

*Nullify means to cancel

John C. Calhoun agreed with the South

He said the states should be able to because the law hurt them

Then they'd be going back to the Articles of Confederation

There was a debate about it

The South started to think about secession


-Debate Speakers/ Point of View:

Daniel Webster (North, nullification and secession were unconstitutional)

Robert Hayne (South, nullification and secession were their own decisions)


-Resolution:

Clay came up with an idea to lower the tariffs slowly over the next ten years

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