Sherman's March to Sea
November 15- December 21, 1864
"Make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war."
"Make Georgia Howl"
Sherman exercised "total war" during his march. Sherman wanted to make war as bad as it could be for the South. His plan was to destroy railroads, plantations, factories, and farms. He and his troops killed livestock and and burned crops along the way, ensuring starvation for the Southerners. Sherman's March to Sea destroyed the morale of the Southerners, leaving many hungry and homeless.
Sherman's plan was to attack Savannah, Georgia. Confederate Lt. General Hardee's troops were weak, so he ordered them to retreat to South Carolina. Mayor Richard Arnold surrendered Savannah. On December 22, Sherman telegraphed President Lincoln, telling him that he captured Savannah and gave him 25,000 cotton bales as a Christmas present.