Physical and Health Disabilities
11 % of all children in the U.S. receive special education services. Of this 11%, ONLY 0.09% of these students have physical disabilities that require special services.
Types of Physical Disabilities:
-Cerebral palsy (CP)
-Spinal cord disorders
-Multiple sclerosis (MS)
-Brittle bone disease
Characteristics of Physical Disabilities
- Low/altered muscle tone
- Unsteady gait
- Loss/inability to use one or more limbs
- Difficulty with gross-motor skills (Ex: walking, running)
- Difficulty with fine-motor skills (Ex: writing, buttoning a shirt)
Education Interference (Physical Disabilities)
-Students with brittle bone disease may not be able to participate in physical education due to how easily their bones break.
-Students with spinal cord injuries may have difficulty with motor skills and find it difficult to navigate school hallways or classrooms.
Definition: students who have such severe health problems that they require special medical and educational services.
11 % of all children in the U.S. receive special education services. Of this 11%, ONLY 1.38% of these students have health disabilities that require special services.
Types of Health Disabilities
-Congenital heart defects
-Childhood Cancer (Leukemia/Lymphomas)
-Blood disorders (sickle cell anemia/ Hemophilia)
-STORCH (Syphilis, Toxoplasmosis, Other, Rubella, and Herpes)
Characteristics of Health Disabilities:
- Mobility problems
- Coordination difficulties
- Muscle weakness
- Reduced stamina
Education Interference (Health Disabilities)
-Students with childhood cancer may be too ill to benefit from any school instruction.
-Students with hepatitis B may miss a lot of school due to their need for bed rest.
- Schedule flexibility is often a big help for students with physical and health disabilities, especially if they need medication.
- Technology makes is possible for students to keep up with their peers if they are too sick to come to school. This is known as distance education.
- Teachers can adjust tables, desks, and other furniture in their classrooms to reduce barriers to the physical environment for students with physical disabilities.
- Communication devices
- Push furniture out of the way and secure any loose objects (ex: rugs)
- Install ramps or elevators
- Create a schedule of when medication should be taken
- Have a PT, OT, or Speech Pathologist come to the home
- Schedule time to do homework/chores when the child is less fatigued
Proloquo2Go - AssistiveWare
This app turns text-to-speech. The program generates speech by tapping buttons with symbols/icons or typing on-screen. It features a range real children’s voices from which to choose, and can be personalized with a combination of icons and photos. Best of all, this program is easy to customize and personalize on-the-go.
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