Review of American History

by: Brylan Teague

Jonothan Edwards

1741

Christian Preacher

wealth and world possessions

people were too concerned about wealth

The Great Awakening

Religious revival with fiery preachers

Colonists were brought together by the national event

John Adams

1797-1801 first term

XYZ Affair- damaged relationship with France

Alien and Sedition Acts- to punish (worst decision)

For speaking out against the government

To gain power for political party

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

-states wanted more power to nullify unconstitutional laws

Frederick Douglass

Former runaway and educated slave

born on 1818 and escaped to the North at age 20

active in abolition movement and wrote autobiography detailing life in slavery

1st prominent African American leader

toured Europe, giving lectures about slavery

Abraham Lincoln

elected in 1860

passed Emancipation Proclamation

plan for reconstruction: Leniency(fact or quality of being more merciful or tolerant than expected) and 10% plan- voters gave 10% of votes and they pass)

George Washington

1789-1797 (2 4 year terms)

shaped the Executive and Judicial System

established expectations of 2 terms

put the Whiskey Rebellion

Leader of the American colony in American Revolutionary War

1 president of U.S.A

Cotton Gin

Eli Whitney

simple machine invented in 1794

quickly removed seeds from cotton

made growing cotton in the south much more profitable

slaves harvested cotton in the south

Transcontitutional Railroad

A train route across the United States, finished in 1869.

It was the project of two railroad companies: the Union Pacific built from the east, and the Central Pacific built from the west. The two lines met in Promontory Point, Utah on May 10, 1869

Trigger mass migration to Great Plains

Chinese workers chosen to work - cheaper to bring them

Federal gov't paid by giving federal land to the companies for every mile of track laid.

biggest obstructive- Sierra Nevada mountains

Allowed cheap transport of materials and products
- Created many new jobs for people
- It increased England's agricultural and fishing industries
- It made travel much easier

Telegraph

Metal Machine that had no wires hooked up to it.
Characteristic of the war
The telegraph was invented by Samuel
Morse in 1844,
and telegraph wires soon sprang up
all along the East Coast.
The telegraph also enabled news
sources to report on
the war in a timely fashion.

Barbed wire

threatened the cowboy's way of life

open ranged was closed forever

Joseph F. Glidden of DeKalb, Illinois, received a patent for the modern invention in 1874 after he made his own modifications to previous versions. Barbed wire was the first wire technology capable of restraining cattle.

Cannon

A 10 lb (pound) parrott rifle cannon, American Civil War era, replica of one used in the 1863 Battle of Corydon
Battle weapon used in war
They needed several men to properly
crew a gun. Each one of these artillerymen
was typically cross-trained so that they
could do other jobs with the loading
and firing of the weapon.
Civil War Cannons were
very valuable and expensive,

Philadelphia, PN

Constitutional Convention held

Declaration of Independence signed

Boston, MA

1773- Boston Tea Party-Boston Tea Party dumps tea into bay - Colonists at Faneuil Hall, in Boston, oppose taxes.

1775-The first battle of the American Revolution fought in Lexington and Concord.

1780- State constitution adopted; John Hancock becomes first elected governor.

1785- Daniel Shay led a rebellion by farmers protesting excessive taxes, oppressive governmental systems and unfair laws and treatment of working people.

1796- John Adams, born 1735 in Quincy, elected 2nd president of United States.

massacre in 1770 protesters confronted the British

Tea act- Britain tried to put taxes and laws on tea

Rhode Island

founded in 1636 by Roger Williams

Puritan with disagreement

"Separation of Church and State"

"Religious Freedom for men and women"

name means "Red Island" for clayshores

Britain

Britain allied with Native Americans

caused conflicts with settlers

War of 1812

war over boundaries in North America

no major charges, just cost money and life

Spain

Pickney's Treaty

Spain gave up lands East of Mississippi River

Spain kept Florida

Allowed Trade on the Mississippi/use of New Orleans

American Revolution

"No Taxation without Representation"

The colonies were taxed, but has no voice of gov't

Mistreatment by the British

Boston Massacre, taxes and laws

American Identity

Colonists became "American", no longer British

The enlightenment

New beliefs in the natural rights of people

4 battles

Civil War

Causes:

States Rights- states want power over federal government

Slavery- important to the economy of the south

Election of Lincoln- Republican (Anti-slavery) Pres.

Missouri compromise

1820- a compromise between pro-slavery and anti-slavery representatives in congress that temporarily resolved the problem of maintaining the number of elected representatives between North and South. Also, it allowed Missouri to enter the union in 1820 as a slave state and lasted 30 years.

French and Indian War

Cause: conflict over territory in America

Effect: taxes placed on colonists to pay debts

Abraham Lincoln v. Stephen Douglas

Lincoln and Douglas first clashed in the Senate race in Illinois in 1858. The Lincoln-Douglas debates focused on the slavery issue and served as a prelude to the 1860 presidential election. Lincoln's question asking Douglas how he reconciled his support for popular sovereignty with the then-recent Dred Scott decision turned out to be critical. In making his response, Douglas alienated both the proslavery advocates and the antislavery interests. By trying to take a neutral stand on the issue, Douglas hoped to preserve the Union. Lincoln's strong stand in opposition to the spread of slavery cost him all hope of gaining southern support but gained him solid support in the North. Although Douglas won the Senate seat, he lost the bigger election for the presidency in 1860. Lincoln's election was of course totally unacceptable to slave interests and led to southern secession.
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